Many historians credit ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle with inventing science. The history of science includes a number of other notable people who advanced it, most notably by introducing and refining the scientific method.Know More
Aristotle described nature and the way it worked unlike any before him. He was the first to use observations to describe the world around him, which is the foundation of empirical science. However, whether he invented science is debatable to some extent as he did not use the scientific method.
Many know Roger Bacon as the originator of the scientific method, which emphasizes observation and experiments to confirm hypotheses and the use of measurable empirical data. However, many historians now credit Muslim scholar Ibn al-Haytham for developing the same ideas 250 years before Bacon did. Born in what is now Iraq, al-Haytham outlined the process of stating a problem, coming up with a hypothesis about it, then setting up a rigorous series of experiments to test this hypothesis.
Roger Bacon, however, can be credited with introducing inductive reasoning to the scientific method. Inductive reasoning makes broad generalizations from observations, and these generalizations are known to be probably, if not certainly, true. Francis Bacon further refined the scientific method during the Enlightenment Era. His contributions are most notable in the concepts of cause and effect.Learn more about Inventions
The biggest inventions of 1994 were the CMOS image sensor and the first PlayStation games console. Other major inventions were the quantum cascade laser, the HIV protease inhibitor and the Segway.Full Answer >
William Morton first demonstrated the use of ether as an anesthetic, but no one knows who actually invented anesthesia. After Morton's demonstration at Massachusetts General Hospital, several people came forward claiming they had discovered anesthesia much earlier.Full Answer >
No single person invented algebra. The roots of algebra extend to the ancient Babylonians, who first developed mathematical techniques to solve problems using algorithms. Later work by Greek, Persian and Indian mathematicians further extended these techniques and laid the foundations for modern algebra.Full Answer >
Modern ice hockey rules were created by Canadian athlete, journalist and lawyer James George Aylwin Creighton. The first game of modern ice hockey was played in 1875 in Montreal, Canada. Ice hockey likely evolved from field hockey played in Northern Europe.Full Answer >