The X-ray machine was invented by Wilhelm Röntgen in 1895. How he discovered the properties of X-rays is unknown, but the first X-ray image ever published was one that he took of his wife's hand.
X-rays were almost immediately used for further research. Other scientists began taking radiographs in clinical settings within weeks of Röntgen's first X-ray image. Due to his discovery and naming of X-rays, this form of electromagnetic radiation is also called a "Röntgen-ray." Wilhelm Röntgen won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. Although the principle of early X-ray machines was the same as in modern machines, the early equipment required much larger doses of radiation, in some cases up to 1500 times the modern amount.Learn More
The earliest known use of crutches dates back to the early days of recorded history, so it is impossible to pinpoint a single inventor. However, several innovators are responsible for the modern crutch design.Full Answer >
Tycho Brahe was an astronomer who, through careful observation, recorded and discovered the visible orbit of heavenly bodies across the night sky. Brahe is also credited with providing data that disproved the early 16th-century theory that the heavens are static.Full Answer >
Sir Isaac Newton received several honors including knighthood, the consideration as the top mathematics professor at Cambridge, a seat in Parliament and the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Cambridge. Sir Isaac Newton was a mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, scientist and physicist that lived from 1643 to 1727.Full Answer >
Although no specific person has ever been credited with the invention of glass windows, the first known use of glass in windows was during the Roman Empire. This likely occurred in about 100 C.E. in Roman-occupied Alexandria.Full Answer >