Isaac Newton was a physicist, an astronomer, a mathematician and a natural philosopher who lived in England during the 17th and 18th centuries. Today, many scientists consider him to be one of the most influential scientists in history.Know More
Newton's work "Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica," or the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, was published in 1687 and is considered by many to be one of the most influential works in the history of science. In the book, Newton described the three laws of motion and the law of universal gravitation. The book showed that both the movements of celestial bodies and objects on Earth are subject to a single set of natural laws. This helped to advance the scientific revolution and removed any remaining doubts about heliocentrism.
Newton's work in mathematics helped create differential and integral calculus. He also helped to advance the field of optics by inventing the reflecting telescope and developing a theory of color based on his observation of white light splitting into a visible spectrum when it passes through a prism.
Newton was also a highly religious person, although his beliefs were not orthodox. While his scientific achievements are what he is remembered for today, he produced more work on Biblical hermeneutics than he did on natural science.Learn More
The 95 Theses, also known as the "Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences," was a list of discussion topics that Martin Luther nailed to the door of Wittenberg Castle church in 1517 to protest the sale of indulgences. His protest ignited the Protestant Reformation.Full Answer >
Christopher Columbus is best known as the explorer who discovered North America. While his original hypothesis was that he could sail west from Europe in order to reach eastern Asia, Columbus stumbled upon the large land mass now known as North America, which led to colonization.Full Answer >
Michelangelo changed the world by helping people view art and artists differently. His art was remarkable; because of this, the world began to recognize artists and their art as important additions to society.Full Answer >
The Scientific Revolution occurred between 1550 and 1700 A.D., thanks, in part, to Copernicus' heliocentric cosmos theory. Newton's Universal Laws and Mechanical Universe are considered the end of the Scientific Revolution.Full Answer >