Israel was founded on May 14, 1948, by the head of the Jewish Agency, David Ben-Gurion. It was recognised by U.S. President Harry S. Truman on the same day and by the United Nations in the same month.Know More
Israel faced numerous hurdles throughout its early years as an independent state. On the same day it gained its independence, it was attacked by the armies of Palestine, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. However, these attacks were unorganized and were defeated by Israeli army, who were better coordinated.
The newly formed country also had internal problems with local terrorist organizations, many of which had fought on Israel's side during the war. However, these organizations were quickly disbanded by the new Prime Minister and Defense Minister, David Ben-Gurion. The leaders of the terrorist organizations were arrested and the remaining members joined the Israeli army.
The Israeli army swelled to over 100,000 in 1948. Its military victories allowed Israel to expand the initial territory granted to it by the United Nations. However, this was at the expense of the Arab populations who lived in these areas. This act increased tensions between Israel and the surrounding Arab nations, culminating in the 1956, 1967 and 1973 wars. In 2014, tensions once again reached a climax, with clashes between Palestinian militant group Hamas and the Israeli army.Learn more about Modern History
During the sinking of the Lusitania, approximately 1,192 of its 1,960 passengers perished. Four additional casualties were recorded in the months after the sinking, leaving only 764 survivors. The Lusitania was sunk by a torpedo from the German U-20 u-boat on May 7, 1915.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela, arguably one of the great leaders of the 20th century, served as president of South Africa, was a notable writer, accomplished lawyer and a civil rights activist. Mandela was born in Mveso, South Africa, on July 18, 1918. He spent his childhood in South Africa, then left to pursue an education in the United States before returning to his home country to assume the role of president in 1994.Full Answer >
On Nov. 29, 1947, the United Nations passed Resolution 181, creating the Jewish state of Israel in Palestine. Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948, by the head of the Jewish Agency, David Ben-Gurion. The United States recognized the establishment of Israel the very same day.Full Answer >
Some of the top 10 facts about Henry Hudson are that he was born in England around 1565 and died in Hudson Bay, Canada. Other facts include the fact that his first journey as a ship commander took place in June 1607.Full Answer >