The items or tools used to mummify people in Ancient Egypt were hooks, linens, salt, resin and a coffin. Mummification was a long process reserved only for those in the upper level of society.Know More
Preparing the Body
Before the mummification process could begin, the body had to be fully prepared. The brain was pulled out of the head using a hook, and then the internal organs were cut out of the rest of the body. Organs such as the lungs, liver, stomach and intestines were dried and placed in jars to be buried with the body. If the heart was removed, it was returned to the body, so it could travel with the spirit to the next world. The inside of the body was cleansed with wine and spices, covered with salt and resin and left for 40 days.
Stuffing the Body
After 40 days, the skin was leather-like. The body was stuffed with linen or sand to give it a human shape, and it sat for an additional 30 days.
Wrapping the Body
After a total of 70 days, the body was wrapped with linen bandages, starting with the fingers and toes. Sometimes gold and jewels were wrapped with the body so the person could take it to the afterlife. Once this process was complete, the body was placed in a coffin for burial.
Pharaohs were placed in elaborate tombs, along with many of their possessions and even some of their slaves.Learn More
The three seasons observed in ancient Egypt were Akhet, Peret and Shemu. The seasons were associated with the three phases of farming as well as the rise and fall of the Nile River.Full Answer >
The climate of Ancient Egypt was much the same as it is today: hot and dry. Little has changed in the country's weather through the years.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, hippos were hunted in ancient Egypt because they were dangerous, ruined farmers' crops, overturned boats and stampeded. They run faster than people and have strong, destructive jaws. Even in modern Africa, hippos are considered the most lethal animal aside from mosquitoes, which quickly spread diseases.Full Answer >
Ancient Egyptians lived throughout the Nile River valley and delta, shielded on all sides by deserts, seas, mountains and rapids. To the east, a small desert separates the river valley from the Red Sea, while the Sahara Desert lies to the west, stretching almost all the way across the continent. To the north, the Mediterranean Sea separated the Egyptians from European people, while mountains and rushing rapids protected the south.Full Answer >