Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher and composer who was famous for producing political philosophies that influenced the French revolution. Many of his political philosophers also influence modern sociological and educational practices.Know More
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, but later moved to Paris where he began writing for a radical magazine named "Encyclopédie." During his early years in Paris, he attempted to work as a composer, but much of his work was rejected.
Rousseau is better known for his political philosophical works, which often concerned the freedom of men in French society. In his first book, "Discours sur les sciences et les arts," he questions whether the advancement of science and art has helped mankind to progress, or whether it has led to its decline.
In his second book, "Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes," Rousseau claims that all men are savage on the inside, but that they behave in accordance with society's expectations. Such savagery only becomes apparent during acts of war and other atrocities.
One of Rousseau's most influential political quotes states "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains." Such quotes led to Rousseau becoming an influential Republican, whose philosophies were used to influence the French Revolution. Individuals like Robespierre took Rousseau's ideas and developed radicalized versions during the Reign of Terror.Learn more about French Revolution
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) contemplated a republic in which a community of people gave up individual rights to promote the good of the community, rather than to a monarch or elected representatives, as stated by the Constitutional Rights Foundation. As a result, voting became the means of expressing the general will of "all the people" and to establish community statues and laws. This type of representation was called "direct democracy."Full Answer >
Napoleon became a hero because of his victories in different wars that saw him rise rapidly through the ranks to become the army commander of the France. His major victory was defeating Austria in 1796 in a series of battles.Full Answer >
During the Napoleonic Wars, France conquered Egypt, Belgium, Holland, much of Italy, Austria, much of Germany, Poland and Spain. France directly conquered or controlled through alliance most of western Europe by 1812.Full Answer >
The primary significance of the French Revolution was that it removed power from a small group of elite rulers and established a democratic leadership representing the French citizenry. Much like the American Revolution that shortly preceded it, the French Revolution was focused on eliminating imperial rule.Full Answer >