Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a philosopher and composer who was famous for producing political philosophies that influenced the French revolution. Many of his political philosophers also influence modern sociological and educational practices.Know More
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, but later moved to Paris where he began writing for a radical magazine named "Encyclopédie." During his early years in Paris, he attempted to work as a composer, but much of his work was rejected.
Rousseau is better known for his political philosophical works, which often concerned the freedom of men in French society. In his first book, "Discours sur les sciences et les arts," he questions whether the advancement of science and art has helped mankind to progress, or whether it has led to its decline.
In his second book, "Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes," Rousseau claims that all men are savage on the inside, but that they behave in accordance with society's expectations. Such savagery only becomes apparent during acts of war and other atrocities.
One of Rousseau's most influential political quotes states "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains." Such quotes led to Rousseau becoming an influential Republican, whose philosophies were used to influence the French Revolution. Individuals like Robespierre took Rousseau's ideas and developed radicalized versions during the Reign of Terror.Learn more about French Revolution
Jean Paul Marat was among the most outspoken figures who led the French Revolution, and through such vehicles as his journal "L'Ami du Peuple," he created a wellspring of criticism that pushed the uprising to its bloodiest years, beginning in 1792. His work led to his assassination.Full Answer >
The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners.Full Answer >
One of the primary goals of the French Revolution that Napoleon eventually achieved was civil reform. Although he imposed his tyrannical will upon his subjects, he was also responsible for the unification and codification of French laws.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, the invasion of Russia in 1812 by Napoleon's Grande Armée of France was intended to force Russia's leader Czar Alexander I to the negotiating table to resolve differences between the two nations The attack was disastrous, leading to the decimation of Napoleon's army and eventually to his exile from France in 1814.Full Answer >