Jimmy Carter is a published author and Nobel Peace Prize winner, but he is most famous for being the 39th President of the United States. Carter served as President from Jan. 20, 1977 to Jan. 20, 1981.Know More
Prior to announcing his candidacy for president, Jimmy Carter was a governor and senator in the state of Georgia. He was elected president on Nov. 2, 1976, and he served just one term before President Ronald Regan took office. Carter had very high approval ratings when he first assumed office, but his approval ratings declined dramatically during the Iran Hostage Crisis. During this crisis, 66 Americans were held hostage by Iranian citizens who felt they were betrayed by Carter, who granted Iran's overthrown leader, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, access to the United States. The hostages were released on the day Ronald Regan assumed office.
Following his presidency, Carter worked extensively with Habitat for Humanity and started an organization called The Carter Center, which promotes human rights and helps to alleviate hunger, disease and other forms of suffering worldwide. Carter also helped to develop numerous community-based health care facilities in Africa, Latin America and other less-fortunate countries. Carter's humanitarian efforts earned him a Nobel Peace Prize in 2002. Carter is also the author of 28 books.Learn more about US History
Martin Luther King Jr. was an influential leader of the modern American Civil Rights Movement, an advocate of nonviolence and a Nobel Peace Prize winner. He was known as a powerful speaker and is memorialized around the world for his leadership and teachings.Full Answer >
Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter were the U.S. presidents who held office during the 1970s. Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter won election to that office in the 1970s, while Gerald Ford became president because of Nixon's resignation.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King's greatest legacy was his push for the United States to fulfill its promise of equal rights for all people, regardless of the color of their skin. King's "I Have a Dream" speech became one of the most famous speeches of the 20th century.Full Answer >
The National Industrial Recovery Act allowed the president of the United States at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt, to regulate industry in an attempt to alleviate the financial effects of the Great Depression and stimulate economic growth. Its secondary purpose was the establishment of the U.S. Public Works Administration.Full Answer >