Medieval knights were the professional warrior class of Europe, responsible for defending their feudal lord's territory from rival lords and keeping the local serfdom in line with the lord's rule. Knights were frequently members of the noble class, with the title inherited through the father, but it was also a title granted as a reward for chivalrous deeds. In the late medieval period, noble and warrior classes became more static.Know More
The primary role of a knight in medieval society was to fight battles for his lord, similar to that of the samurai of Japan. Knights were an elite class of warriors that specialized in armored combat from horseback and used weapons such as the longsword, lance, dagger and various blunt weapons. They conducted themselves according to the Code of Chivalry, which stressed courtly etiquette and valor in battle as well as devout Christian faith.
Not only did knights protect their lords from attack by other lords, but they also served as a military force for the king of the country should he require it. The king had the right to request all lords to offer a contingent of knights in defense of the land or in offensive actions such as the Crusades.Learn More
The Children's Crusade is supposed to have involved between 15,000 and 30,000 French children, who attempted to reach the Christian Holy Land by foot and boat in an effort to reclaim Jerusalem for their faith. Historical evidence for the Crusade is dubious at best, and it is unclear whether it ever really happened.Full Answer >
The primary residents of European castles during the Middle Ages were the lord and lady of the realm. These might be royalty or simply the liege lords of the district where the castle was built.Full Answer >
In 1753, Ben Franklin won the Copley Medal awarded by the Royal Society of London. The same year, he was also awarded honorary doctorate degrees from a number of prestigious universities, including Yale University in New Haven, Conn., and Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass. In 1759, the University of St. Andrews in Scotland awarded him an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.Full Answer >
Characteristics of Mongol control over China included a new written language, a golden age of theater, a rise in status of artisans (especially painters), an increase in hunting for sport, and battle rituals that paid tribute to Tenggeri, the Mongol sky god. Mongol rule also conserved much of the culture of China that was in place at the time.Full Answer >