Julius Caesar was known for his highly intelligent strategies, controversial methods and staunchly brusque actions as a military leader and politician of the Roman Empire. He rose to become the dictator of Rome, and was eventually assassinated by political rivals.Know More
Julius Caesar was born into an aristocratic family during a chaotic period in Roman history in which nobility by birth was not automatically viewed as a basis for authority. Military dictatorship was becoming the most popular and followed form of government, and Julius Caesar seized this opportunity to successfully begin a military and political career. After a successful campaign, he was named governor of Farther Spain, and a year after returning to Rome became the consul.
Being elected consul allowed Caesar to access political connections necessary to furthering his career. He created the first triumvirate by making a deal with two key Roman leaders named Pompey the Great and Crassus. While the triumvirate remained intact, they held a vast amount of power over Rome. After Julius Caesar led a lengthy and successful campaign in the country of Gaul, he returned to Rome and declared civil war against Pompey the Great, who had broken their deal after the death of Crassus. He defeated Pompey's military forces due to brilliant tactical decisions in several key battles. He continued his political career after dealing with Pompey, and reached the highest form of power possible as dictator of Rome before being assassinated in 44 B.C.Learn More
Slaves in ancient Rome wore tunics, usually made of cheap wool sewn together in a tube shape with holes for the arms. The tunic came down to the knees and was worn with a belt.Full Answer >
In the play "Julius Caesar," Artemidorus is a teacher of rhetoric who tries to warn Caesar about those conspiring against him in. Artemidorus expresses a great respect for Caesar. This hearkens back to a time when Caesar was roundly celebrated; while the men plotting to kill him now want him dead, this was not always the case.Full Answer >
The dates surrounding the Roman Empire vary based upon different definitions of the word empire. The earliest recorded knowledge of Roman cities dates back to 753 B.C., but many use 201 B.C. The traditional date for the fall of the empire is 476 A.D. after the last emperor's death.Full Answer >
Ancient Rome had a Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild winters. During the summer months, temperatures can often exceed 95 degrees Fahrenheit around the middle of the day. The average temperature in the winter is around 55 F.Full Answer >