The Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Khufu is best known for ordering the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Khufu, who ruled as the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the 26th century B.C., is believed to have been the son of the pharaoh Sneferu, who commissioned the building of the first true pyramid, the North Pyramid at Dahshur. The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest one built, and it is taller than a 40-story building.Know More
Khufu is also known by his Hellenized name Cheops. The year of his death is believed to be 2566 B.C., and most of what is known about Khufu has been obtained from the inscriptions within his necropolis at Giza. Because of poorly written records, not much other than his commissioning of the Great Pyramid's construction is known about his reign.
So that it would be highly visible, Khufu chose to build his pyramid on a high natural plateau and named his necropolis Akhet-Khufu, which means "Horizon of Khufu." The walls and ceilings inside Khufu's pyramid are made from polished granite, and the structure is constructed of massive limestone blocks, some weighing up to 15 tons. It is possible that the Great Sphinx was constructed as part of Khufu's necropolis at Giza, but the true identity of the Egyptian ruler who commissioned the work remains a hotly contested issue.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Although historians cannot be certain, it is believed that the nose of the Great Sphinx in Giza was destroyed by an Egyptian man who was angry that his offering to the gods did not result in an answered prayer to control the flood cycle. During the 15th century, historian al-Maqrizi noted that the man was later put to death for vandalizing the Sphinx, although there's no way to prove the validity of the tale.Full Answer >
There are over 100 pyramids in Egypt, and the majority are located around the city of Cairo, including the famous pyramids at Giza. One notable exception to this is the pyramid at Abydos in southern Egypt.Full Answer >
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built to serve as the burial location for the Pharaoh Khufu. This pyramid is one of the three fourth-dynasty pyramids built in the Giza region and is the largest, with a height of approximately 147 meters and sides measuring 216 meters each.Full Answer >
The Sphinx is located in Giza, Egypt. The Sphinx is situated on the west bank of the Nile River on the Giza Plateau. It is the largest monolith statue in the world and is over 60 feet high, 241 feet long and 63 feet wide.Full Answer >