The Federalists wanted a two-level government consisting of a strong, tightly-knit, centralized national government along with smaller, non-sovereign political units governed according to a national constitution. These small political units would be able to make laws on their own. Today, the United States has this kind of system with the federal government and state governments.Know More
A main advantage of federalism is that it can help prevent the government in general from becoming too powerful since there is a dispersal of power from the national government to the states. Another benefit is that people can have a closer connection to the government since they can participate at the local and state levels rather than just at the national level.
One main drawback of this type of government, however, is that state and federal laws can often conflict. For example, gambling can be legal in one state but not in a neighboring state, and this can cause conflict among states.Learn more about US History
Anti-Federalists wanted to protect states' and individuals' rights. They opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution because they feared the strong central government created by the Constitution could become corrupt and tyrannical.Full Answer >
The Federalists wanted to replace the original United States Articles of Confederation because they gave Congress limited power to govern or regulate domestic affairs. By 1786, the U.S. was bankrupt as a result of the cost of the Revolutionary War and the federal government had no powers of taxation. Congress was also unable to effectively resolve the growing trade and regional disputes developing at the state level and the Federalists sought to create a stronger federal government that could effectively intervene when needed.Full Answer >
Famous federalists were authors of the Federalist Papers: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay; John Adams, second president of the United States; and John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court. It can be said that the majority of the Founding Fathers were originally federalists, including Thomas Jefferson.Full Answer >
The Anti-Federalists made up a political movement in early U.S. history that opposed the ratification of the Constitution. Their reasons included opposition to a strong federal government and the fear of reverting to monarchical rule.Full Answer >