The lives of colonial bakers began early in the day, as did that of other preparers of food, and it revolved upon proper time management and the usage of fresh ingredients. While the colonial diet consisted of a number of sources for starch and grain, baked goods were especially common.Know More
Of all the baker's responsibilities, managing the fire was likely the most important. Most ovens were made of clay or brick, so the fire had to burn for hours before the inside was brought up to proper temperature. This meant that the fire was lit very early in the morning. Once it was hot enough, the oven was swept clean and a base put down to protect the bottom of the bread from burning; this was often cabbage or oak leaves.
The noon meal was typically the most important during colonial days, so all breads and other baked goods had to be done by then. Afterward, leftovers from that meal provided people with their dinner and breakfast for the following morning. Essential baking ingredients during colonial times were flour, water, yeast and salt. To jazz up baked goods, people could use assorted fruits, spices or available nuts. Even herbs were added for a more savory flavor.
The kitchen was usually the warmest place in the house. This meant, in winter, bakers had the advantage of being close to the fire. In summer, however, and in warmer climates, the heat could grow unbearable. According to University of Maryland Professor Michael Olmert, “If kitchens were difficult places to live in, they were as demanding to work in.”
In wealthier households, slaves often did the baking, as well as all the other cooking, sometimes in exterior kitchens built apart from or in the cellar of the main house. Perhaps fittingly, these were commonly called slave kitchens.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Some colonial ships, such as the Mayflower, were often triple-masted; the three masts were the fore mast, the main mast and the mizzen mast, which sat on the quarter deck near the stern of the ship. The Mayflower and similar ships had three main levels below decks.Full Answer >
The European languages spoken in the Americas, Africa, South Asia, Australia and New Zealand are an example of a colonial legacy. Widespread use of English, French, Spanish and Portuguese outside Europe is a consequence of colonialism.Full Answer >
While many European powers established colonies around the world, three that are well known for their colonial exploits are Britain, France and Spain. All three established colonies in the New World, along with Portugal, the Netherlands and Russia.Full Answer >
Cooking tools used by the Pilgrims included frying pans, kettles, iron pots, wooden spoons and a mortar and pestle. Every cooking tool used during colonial times was brought by the Pilgrims on the Mayflower.Full Answer >