Poverty colored the experience of growing up in the southern United States during the 1930s, as did poor education and hard work. Many children couldn't afford clothes, and those that could only had a couple changes of clothes at best. The education system was also poorly funded.Know More
Lack of funding caused many southern schools to close during the Great Depression. By 1934, nearly 20,000 schools had been closed in the rural South due to lack of financial support. However, many children were unable to attend school in the first place because of their families' need to earn a living. As unemployment rose, business and factory owners began to hire children. During 1930, an estimated 2.25 million children, ages 10 to 18, were employed in factories and farms; the majority of these children were paid a substandard wage.
Birth rates also drastically decreased as the living conditions of the 1930s became increasingly worse. For example, utilities like running water and electricity deteriorated. Children living in rural Georgia during the 1930s generally lived in houses that had no electricity, running water or indoor bathrooms.
Parties and gatherings were also scarce due to the lack of extra time and money. However, when they did take place, guests would sometimes bring a cup of sugar and use it to make candy and baked goods as a special treat for the few children who attended.Learn more about US History
The role of women in the 1930s was primarily to become the glue that holds the family together through economic strife, according to the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Though men were still primarily the bread winners, women were tasked with feeding and caring for the family on increasingly tiny budgets.Full Answer >
Life in Mississippi during the 1930s was difficult due to the rise of the Great Depression and the subsequent agricultural collapse. Inhabitants of Mississippi were also seriously divided on the subject of race, which made the state dangerous for minorities, specifically African-Americans.Full Answer >
The League of Nations failed in the 1930s because, although its primary mission was to secure world peace, it did not prevent Axis nations from invading and annexing nations and World War II from breaking out. It was weakened by poor global representation, the lack of an armed force of its own and insufficient assurances of collective security.Full Answer >
Great Plains farmers migrated to California in the 1930s because drought conditions and erosion-producing agricultural methods created the decade-long phenomenon known as the Dust Bowl. Because they were unable to survive in such an arid, hostile environment, many farmers left the region and journeyed to California to look for work.Full Answer >