The Italian Renaissance lasted from the 14th to the 17th centuries. During that time period, a modern way of thinking occurred with advances in art, science and culture.
When most think of the Renaissance, they think of art. The famed Medici family of Florence sponsored many types of projects, and these artists often went on to become the celebrities of the time. One of the common themes of Renaissance art was humanism. Many artists and architects, such as Filippo Brunelleschi, used humanist principles in their work. Brunelleschi's famed dome at the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral is an example of Renaissance architecture.Learn More
Sir Isaac Newton did not have any children, nor did he ever marry. He was a loner and did not interact a great deal with students, collaborators or friends.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, the Scientific Revolution influenced the Enlightenment by providing metaphors of precision for the philosophical speculations that triggered the Enlightenment. Newton's "Principia Mathematica" and the earlier scientific discoveries of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and other natural philosophers helped propel Enlightenment thinkers beyond the vague mysticism of the Middle Ages into the new Age of Reason.Full Answer >
Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch, was a 14th century Italian poet, scholar and humanist. Known as the father of 'Renaissance Humanism,' his writings directly helped shape what is now known as the modern Italian language. Petrarch is also credited with the development of Italian sonnets, now known as Petrarchan sonnets.Full Answer >
The Counter-Reformation movement began as a result of strong opposition to the Roman Catholic Church by Martin Luther and the defiance of the Princes of Germany. Prior to the start of the movement, the Catholic Church had come under sharp criticism spearheaded by Martin Luther, who was himself once a Catholic monk.Full Answer >