The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Know More
Rome itself lasted over 1,200 years, first as a kingdom during the eighth century B.C. In 507 B.C., King Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown by a citizens' revolt, and the Roman nobility declared the growing nation to be a republic governed by a senate and two or three consuls.
Caesar was one of the last three consuls. When the consul Crassus died, Pompey, the consul in Rome, declared himself sole ruler. Caesar rebelled and defeated him, claiming sole Roman leadership for himself in 32 B.C. The consul system was irretrievably broken, and Rome became an empire.Learn more in Ancient Rome
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
The modern countries of Portugal, Spain, Andorra, England, France, Monaco, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, San Marino, Malta, Austria and the Czech Republic. In addition, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Cyprus, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Lybia, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco were all part of the Roman Empire.Full Answer >
The expansion of the Roman Empire was based on both the advent of roads and development of advanced water systems. Rome also permitted the people they defeated in war to govern themselves as long as they remained loyal to Rome.Full Answer >
Christian apostles, such as Paul, worked to spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire. Some say that the apostles traveled as far as 10,000 miles throughout the Roman Empire during a course of 30 years.Full Answer >