The Roman Empire began with the crowning of Gaius Octavian Thurinus in 31 B.C. and fell to the German Goths in A.D. 476, for a total of 507 years. The Byzantine Empire, Rome's eastern half, did not fall until the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.Know More
Rome itself lasted over 1,200 years, first as a kingdom during the eighth century B.C. In 507 B.C., King Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown by a citizens' revolt, and the Roman nobility declared the growing nation to be a republic governed by a senate and two or three consuls.
Caesar was one of the last three consuls. When the consul Crassus died, Pompey, the consul in Rome, declared himself sole ruler. Caesar rebelled and defeated him, claiming sole Roman leadership for himself in 32 B.C. The consul system was irretrievably broken, and Rome became an empire.Learn More
One of the differences between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire that followed it was the former republic's inability to manage the huge amount of territory that it had acquired. The Roman Empire, however, was able to control Rome's holdings, and remained more effective at stifling civil unrest. By removing the system of checks and balances that was in place during the republic, the Roman Empire's incumbent emperor was able to respond quickly and with greater force to any perceived or unfolding threat.Full Answer >
The Huns came in and started forcing barbarian tribes west which resulted in some tribes going into the Roman Empire and when the Romans did not provide food for the tribes that immigrated there, they turned to rampaging. Some barbarians had to go elsewhere after having to leave their homes.Full Answer >
The expansion of the Roman Empire was based on both the advent of roads and development of advanced water systems. Rome also permitted the people they defeated in war to govern themselves as long as they remained loyal to Rome.Full Answer >
The dates surrounding the Roman Empire vary based upon different definitions of the word empire. The earliest recorded knowledge of Roman cities dates back to 753 B.C., but many use 201 B.C. The traditional date for the fall of the empire is 476 A.D. after the last emperor's death.Full Answer >