Lyon, France is well-known for its Festival of Lights, Cathedral of St. John, City Hall of the Place des Terreaux and the ancient theater of Fourvière. Lyon is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its historically important areas, including the Roman district and Fourvière, the Silk district, Renaissance district and the Presqu'île.Know More
The Festival of Lights in Lyon, known locally as the Fête des Lumières, occurs every year on Dec. 8 to commemorate the completion of a Virgin Mary statue. The statue was built in honor of a legend claiming that the Virgin Mary saved Lyon from a plague. Fourvière Hill contains the remains of an ancient Roman settlement, which contains the ruins of Fourvière Basilica's ancient theater. The town is also the home of the Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls, another ancient Roman ruin. The Cathedral of St. John, built during the Middle Ages, is known for its medieval architectural elements as the seat of the Archbishop of Lyon.
Lyon is also known for its many famous historical residents, including the Roman emperors Claudius and Caracalla, poet Louise Labé, scientist André-Marie Ampère and chef Paul Bocuse. Lyon is home to the headquarters of Interpol and Euronews. It is also famous for its resistance to German occupation during World War II.Learn more about Modern Europe
Napoleon Bonaparte was the first Emperor of France. His career as a military leader and political leader led to a number of major accomplishments that benefited France and directly affected the balance of power in Europe. His accomplishments included reforms in politics, domestic affairs, religion and the military.Full Answer >
As a result of the Hundred Years' War, England lost all of its territory in France except for the northern port city of Calais. It also contributed to nationalism, as France and England began to see themselves as more than as a collection of provinces.Full Answer >
The aim of the Schlieffen Plan was to ensure German victory in the case of a two-front war against France and Russia. It called on German forces to conquer France swiftly in the west and then pivot to take on the slower-moving Russian army in the east.Full Answer >
The beginnings of the British Empire can be traced back to the reign of Queen Elizabeth I and the continuing competition for markets and resources which existed between England and the continental countries of France, Spain and Holland. In 1578, Elizabeth I granted Humphrey Gilbert a patent for overseas exploration and discovery. Although he claimed the island of Newfoundland for England in 1583, it was his half-brother Walter Raleigh who established the first overseas colony for England, called Roanoke, in 1584 on the coast of modern-day North Carolina.Full Answer >