The fall of Constantinople in 1453 effectively ended what was left of the Roman Empire and set a major roadblock to trade between Europe and the Far East. Additionally, for centuries the city had held back Muslim invaders from the Middle East from invading Europe.Know More
When Sultan Mehmed II and the Turks captured Constantinople in 1453, they changed the name to Islambol, meaning "City of Islam." The famed Hagia Sophia church was converted into a mosque, and much of the city's Christian monuments and heritage was destroyed.
With the city under Turkish control, it became increasingly dangerous and almost impossible for Christian traders to travel the Far East by land. Portugal and Spain took this opportunity to set about sending sailing expeditions around Africa to find a path to India by waterway. This indirectly led to some expeditions sailing too far west and discovering South America and North America, opening up a new age of discovery and colonization.
With the city under Muslim control, Muslim leaders were able to organize military campaigns in Europe. Additionally, the Turks solidified their own powerful empire, the Ottoman Empire, which controlled much of the Middle East for over 450 years until its defeat and collapse during World War I.Learn more about Middle Ages
The Carolingian Renaissance was significant because it preserved the literary heritage of the Roman Empire and developed a new uniform style of handwriting that made documents more legible. Scholars of that period also systematized Latin grammar, preserving the language of the Roman Catholic Church.Full Answer >
The postclassical period in western Europe is the period that began immediately after the end of the Roman Empire (the classical period) and is most often called the Middle Ages or the Medieval Ages. Some scholars prefer to use Medieval Ages instead of the Middle Ages because they believe this makes the time period sound trivial and inconsequential when compared with the classical period and Renaissance period.Full Answer >
The Black Plague was a disease that greatly reduced the population of the world. This disease had lasting effects on the government, the economy and all social classes.Full Answer >
The "Reconquista" or Spanish Reconquest was a period lasting more than 700 years, from the completion of the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula around 711 to the fall of the last Islamic state on the peninsula, Granada, in 1492. The idea behind the Reconquista is that the Christians took back the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims.Full Answer >