The fall of Constantinople in 1453 effectively ended what was left of the Roman Empire and set a major roadblock to trade between Europe and the Far East. Additionally, for centuries the city had held back Muslim invaders from the Middle East from invading Europe.Know More
When Sultan Mehmed II and the Turks captured Constantinople in 1453, they changed the name to Islambol, meaning "City of Islam." The famed Hagia Sophia church was converted into a mosque, and much of the city's Christian monuments and heritage was destroyed.
With the city under Turkish control, it became increasingly dangerous and almost impossible for Christian traders to travel the Far East by land. Portugal and Spain took this opportunity to set about sending sailing expeditions around Africa to find a path to India by waterway. This indirectly led to some expeditions sailing too far west and discovering South America and North America, opening up a new age of discovery and colonization.
With the city under Muslim control, Muslim leaders were able to organize military campaigns in Europe. Additionally, the Turks solidified their own powerful empire, the Ottoman Empire, which controlled much of the Middle East for over 450 years until its defeat and collapse during World War I.Learn more about Middle Ages
The main accomplishments of Kublai Khan were the reunification of China, creation of a provincial administrative division, inception of a paper currency system, modernization and expansion of trade with the West and the promotion of arts and literature. Kublai Khan was the grandson of the famous Mongol conqueror, Genghis Khan.Full Answer >
According to most historians, the Middle Ages began with the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. and ended with the beginning of the Renaissance in the 13th, 14th or 15th century A.D.Full Answer >
The Carolingian Renaissance was significant because it preserved the literary heritage of the Roman Empire and developed a new uniform style of handwriting that made documents more legible. Scholars of that period also systematized Latin grammar, preserving the language of the Roman Catholic Church.Full Answer >
Feudalism arose out of the need for protection in response to the marauding bands of Vikings, Germanic warriors and Saracens who roamed Europe from the 5th to 11th centuries. The collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, and the failure of rulers to retain central authority, allowed nobles to take greater control of local regions.Full Answer >