Hatshepsut had many achievements, but the greatest of them all was being the first female pharaoh of Egypt to have full powers during the 18th dynasty when there was great opposition against the women leadership. She was the daughter of King Thutmose I and took over leadership after the death of her husband and step-brother, Thutmose II.Know More
Hatshepsut had strong supporters within her circles to ensure her protection. She mandated ambitious building projects, especially in western Thebes, that exceeded those of her predecessors. The most impressive building was the memorial temple at Deir el-Bahri, which is considered as one of the best architectural designs in ancient Egypt. She encouraged external trade that brought richness to Egypt, including ivory, gold, leopard skins and ebony.
Hatshepsut conducted trade with a neighboring country called Punt. According to archaeologists, it is believed that no Egyptian ruler was more successful in Punt than Hatshepsut. She strived to earn the obedience, trust and loyalty of officials in order to keep her enemies at bay. After her death, her successor Thutmose III attempted to eliminate any reference to Hatshepsut with the intention of getting the credit for her achievements. He erased her images in temples and monuments, which made it difficult for scholars to learn about her life.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Hatshepsut came to power by marrying her half-brother Thutmose II in ancient Egypt; she was the daughter of King Thutmose I and became regent for her stepson after the death of her husband. The queen took on the full power of a Pharaoh, starting in 1473 B.C., and co-ruled Egypt with Thutmose III. She was the third woman to become Pharaoh in 3,000 years of ancient Egyptian history, according to History.com.Full Answer >
It is believed that Queen Nefertiti lived her entire life in Egypt. While her birthplace is unknown, there is some evidence that she was born in Akhmim. She and her husband, Akhenaten the Heretic, lived in Thebes before moving to what is now Tell el-Amarna.Full Answer >
Because King Tutankhamun's tomb was sealed and mostly intact when it was found by Howard Carter, historians and archaeologists were able to learn more about the 18th Dynasty, mummification practices and the vast wealth of Egypt during this time. Similarly, scientists also studied King Tut's mummy. Robbers were not able to find the tomb because it was well hidden under rock and mud from previous floods.Full Answer >
Depending on the historical source, Cleopatra spoke anywhere between five to nine languages, which included her native Greek, classic Egyptian and multiple other native languages within Egypt. Most historical accounts, including those of Al-Masudi and Plutarch, do not agree on which languages she spoke or whether she actually spoke Egyptian.Full Answer >