The ancient Egyptian craftsmen built the pyramids, palaces, royal tombs and temples that people marvel at today. Some also built forts. Along with artists, the craftsmen were part of a proud Egyptian tradition.Know More
The most skilled craftsmen and artisans trained at the Temple of Ptah in Memphis. It was the draftsmen and architects who were responsible for erecting Egypt's wondrous structures, but the craftsmen also included weavers, dyers, jewelers and painters.
Ancient Egyptian artwork did not typically reflect realistic human images. The Egyptians believed in depicting the inner self and only included true-to-life renderings of human beings in the background of illustrations.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Pyramids, far from being a mistake, evolved naturally from earlier flat-topped mastaba tombs. They symbolized the setting and rising sun, a symbol of rebirth after death. However, the peculiarly angled sides of King Sneferu's pyramid were due to a mathematical error.Full Answer >
Egyptian tombs were often filled with tools, amulets, jewelry and other everyday items. These items were intended to help facilitate the transition from death to the afterlife.Full Answer >
One of the theories to explain the purpose and symbolism behind the construction of the Great Sphinx at Giza is that it was built to guard the tombs of the pharaohs buried nearby. Support for this theory is based on the symbolism of lions as guardian figures and the monument's body of a lion with a human head, presumably that of a pharaoh. Another theory suggests that the Sphinx was erected by the Egyptian Pharaoh Djedefre to identify his father, Pharaoh Khufu, with the Sun god, Ra, and honor the family dynasty.Full Answer >
It is not definitively known why the ancient Egyptians stopped building pyramids. Well-known structural engineer and Egyptian construction specialist Peter James theorizes that the Egyptians quit building pyramids because they quickly began showing cracks and imperfections. James believes that these imperfections in the pyramids are caused by what the Egyptians thought were improvements in construction techniques.Full Answer >