According to the Bible, Jesus received 39 lashes. This was in accord with the maximum amount of lashes allowed by Jewish law. The number was based on the theory that 39 was the maximum amount of lashes that a person could endure without dying.
The number is likely to emphasize the torture Jesus endured on the way to the cross. Lashes were inflicted with a flagrum, which was a whip constructed of leather straps with metal and glass attached to them. The act of whipping prisoners prior to crucifying them was called scouring. Despite Jesus's crucifixion being accredited to the Jews, crucifixion was not a known punishment of the Jews. It was a Roman punishment.Learn More
The Colosseum was built in six to eight years. As part of the Roman Emperor Vespasian's vision for the glorification of Rome, the Colosseum's construction began between 70 and 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD.Full Answer >
The Roman Empire evolved over many centuries, but tradition holds that the city of Rome itself was founded in 753 B.C. As a city that is still standing today, Rome has never been completely finished.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar was stabbed 23 times by his assassins. The Roman historians Plutarch and Suetonius both attest to this number of stab wounds. However, the historian Eutropius asserts that 60 or more senators and knights conspired against Caesar.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar had three wives, in addition to several mistresses. He first married Cornelia, then Pompeia, and Calpurnia, who was his wife in the play, "Julius Caesar."Full Answer >