The total length of the Berlin Wall was 96 miles, of which approximately 26 miles ran north to south, splitting Berlin in two. The remaining 70 miles kept the enclave of West Berlin set apart from the East German state.
According to the ABS-CBN Interactive website, while the Berlin Wall was erected on Aug. 13, 1961, there were numerous modifications and reinforcements made throughout the 28 years that it stood as a dividing symbol in Germany. At least 136 people died as a result of trying to cross over the Berlin Wall. There were 20 bunkers and 302 watchtowers along the Berlin Wall, guarded and patrolled by seven units of 1,000 to 1,200 soldiers. On Nov. 9, 1989, the East German authorities decided to allow people free passage at the Bernauerstrasse crossing point, leading to the demolition and dismantling of the Berlin Wall, though small portions of the wall have been preserved in place.Learn More
The Berlin Wall was torn down as a symbol of the fall of the repressive East German communist government. When East Germans were finally allowed to freely enter West Germany, on Nov. 9, 1989, thousands of Germans responded emotionally by demolishing the wall with sledgehammers, pickaxes and other implements.Full Answer >
The Berlin Wall was built to divide communist East Germany from democratic West Germany and to keep East Germans from escaping to West Germany. After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into four zones, each occupied by Allied forces: the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Tension between the communist territory and the democratic territories mounted, and the Berlin Wall was built to separate them.Full Answer >
Approximately 9.9 million adults and 1.1 million children died during the holocaust. Six million Jews, almost two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe at the time, were killed.Full Answer >
According to the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, approximately 1,100,000 Jews were transported to Auschwitz between 1940 and 1945. Jews made up about 85 percent of those who passed through the camp, and 90 percent of the prisoners who died there.Full Answer >