While it is impossible to know the exact number of deaths due to poor record keeping, it is estimated that 69 people either died, discharged, or deserted during the First Fleet's voyage from Portsmouth to Sydney Cove. Of these, only 29 are thought to be convict deaths.Know More
Prior to the Revolutionary War, Great Britain often sent convicts to the Thirteen Colonies. After the war, America stopped accepting convicts. On December 6, 1785 provisions were made to establish a penal colony in Australia to which British convicts would be shipped. The First Fleet set sail in 1787, arriving in Australia's Botany Bay in January 1788.
An estimated 1,420 passengers are thought to have made the voyage, comprised of convicts and their families, as well as naval officers, British officials and crew members.Learn more in Exploration & Imperialism
The exact number of deaths from the Dust Bowl remains unknown, but evidence suggests hundreds, even thousands, of Plains residents died from exposure to dust. The Dust Bowl claimed the lives of men, women and children, although children and the elderly were most susceptible to the harmful effects of the dust. The thick dust produced by the Dust Bowl also harmed plants and animals, leaving them dead in the aftermath.Full Answer >
Magellan is credited with the first circumnavigation of the globe, although he died before the voyage was completed. En route, Magellan discovered what is now called the Strait of Magellan. He became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean and named South America's Tierra del Fuego. Magellan originally set sail from Spain in 1519, in an attempt to find a western sea route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia.Full Answer >
The route Sir Francis Drake took on his voyage around the world took him down the east coast of South America, up the west coast of America, across the Pacific to the Philippines, around Africa and back to England. He also made numerous trips from England to America and back.Full Answer >
During his voyage on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin traveled to the Canary Islands, South America, the Galapagos Islands, Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia and the Southern tip of Africa. According to About.com, this journey took nearly five years and circumnavigated the globe.Full Answer >