George Washington had five full siblings and three half-siblings. His father remarried after the death of his first wife, and George was the oldest child of that union. The family was fairly well-off and lived in Virginia.
As a youth, Washington was primarily homeschooled and learned the workings of his family's plantation. His father died when George was 11, and his half-brother Lawrence functioned as head of the family. By the age of 17, Washington was employed as a surveyor. A few years later, Lawrence and his only child died, leaving George in charge of the family estate at the age of 20.Learn More
One prominent example of racial segregation in the United States was the Jim Crow laws, a series of policies in effect from 1876 to 1965. Jim Crow laws segregated people of color from whites in housing, jobs, schools, public transportation, public spaces, military service, prisons and more.Full Answer >
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was an American military officer who was appointed the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. Beauregard oversaw the bombardment of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, in which the first shots of the American Civil War were fired. The fort's surrender catapulted Beauregard to public acclaim, and he became the first military hero of the Confederacy.Full Answer >
According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.Full Answer >
Some famous Native American scientists are John Herrington, Mary Ross, Dr. Jani Ingram and Dr. David Burgess. The American Indian Science and Engineering Society, an organization of Native Americans in the science, technology, engineering and math fields, had 3,000 members as of December 2014.Full Answer >