The Han Dynasty ruled from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. with only a small interruption in the middle, making for a rule of more than 400 years. It had two main periods: the Western Han from 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. and Eastern Han from 25 A.D. to 220 A.D.
The Han Dynasty ushered in a period of prosperity and attention to the arts for the Chinese. For instance, calligraphy became a dominant art form. The dynasty began with Liu Bang in 206 B.C. and ended with Liu Xie in 220 A.D. Confucianism also flourished in this time period, and many schools were built for its study.Learn More
The Zhou dynasty was noted for its many inventions and achievements. During this era, Chinese writing improved, iron was introduced and advancements were made in philosophy and culture.Full Answer >
The Zhou Dynasty saw a shift in power from the king to the feudal lords. During this time, astrological maps were made, a calendar perfected and magnetism discovered. Iron tools and weapons were forged during the Warring States Period and fertilizers and pesticides began to be used for crops. Basic arithmetic, fractions and geometry were also developed.Full Answer >
The craftsmen of the Shang Dynasty (1600 -1046 BC) were known for their skill and artistry in producing artifacts made from bronze. Many of the bronze pieces made during the Shang Dynasty are surprisingly heavy and indicate that a high level of craftsmanship and technology existed at the time.Full Answer >
There were two major similarities between the Roman Empire and Han Dynasty: the large land areas under their control and the fact that both empires peaked at around the same time in history. The differences are also fairly evident. Rome expanded its rule over continental Europe, Britain and the Near East, making it a heterogeneous, polyglot empire. The Han dynasty was comparatively monolithic, even at its greatest strength.Full Answer >