Martin Luther was a German theologian famous for his role in the Protestant Reformation that took place in Europe in the 16th century. Luther's tract, "The Ninety-Five Theses," directly challenged the Catholic practice of selling indulgences, which were meant to absolve sins.
Martin Luther was born in Eisleben in 1483 and became a monk of the Augustinian order in 1505. During his time as a monk, he became increasingly angry about the system of indulgences which the clergy sold in exchange for the promise of redemption from sins. Between 1519 and 1520, he wrote a series of pamphlets that developed the main ideas of Protestantism. These included the groundbreaking idea that Christians are not saved through their own efforts or by paying for indulgences, but through faith instead.
Martin Luther's writings spread quickly across northern and eastern Europe due to the recent invention of the printing press. His actions did not remain without consequences, as Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521. Luther contributed to the spread of Protestantism by publishing a complete translation of the Bible in German in 1534. His belief was that all people should be able to read the Holy Book in their own language. Luther died in Eisleben in 1546.Learn More
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was famous for leading the Civil Rights movement during the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. He advocated for African-Americans, women and veterans through non-violent means, including marches, sit-ins, public speeches and boycotts. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King's leadership and belief in peaceful protesting during the Civil Rights Movement made him famous. In addition, King is famous for his "I Have a Dream" speech. Dr. King is also known for organizing the Selma to Montgomery March and the March on Washington. These events proved to be pivotal moments in the Civil Rights Movement.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of the civil rights movement in the United States. During the late 1950s through the late 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. organized protests, proposed legislation and spoke about injustice throughout the United States. He was assassinated in 1968.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr. became famous due to his efforts and activism to end segregation of African-Americans in America, particularly in Southern states. King gained national attention after organizing boycotts in Montgomery, Ala., in response to the Rosa Parks incident.Full Answer >