The Mayflower Compact was the first formal framework of government established in what is now the United States. The Mayflower Compact was created to prevent dissent amongst Puritans and non-separatist Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth a few days prior to the drafting.Know More
The Mayflower Compact was signed on Nov. 11th, 1620. The document was signed on board the Mayflower shortly after it came to anchor off Provincetown Harbor. The document was crafted by the Pilgrims who obtained permission from English authorities to settle in what is now the Hudson River Valley of New York. The Pilgrims intended to settle near the mouth of the Hudson river; however, dangerous weather forced them to make landfall far north of their permitted destination.
An argument broke out among the 102 passengers when the Mayflower dropped anchor. Several of the Pilgrims on board argued that since the Cape Cod area was outside the agreed-upon jurisdiction, the agreed-upon rules and regulations laid forth by the English no longer applied. The Pilgrim leaders thus drafted the Mayflower Compact to establish an authority on their new land. The document was a formal attempt to establish a legally binding self-governing body.
The Mayflower Compact designated how male adult members of each church would worship God and elect church officers. The drafting also established John Carver, a Pilgrim leader, as governor of the newly established colony.Learn more about US History
The Mayflower Compact is best described as an agreement signed by the male settlers aboard the Mayflower to accept whatever form of government they established when they landed at Cape Cod in Massachusetts. According to History.com, it was the first written outline of government in what later became the United States.Full Answer >
Before arriving in North America, the Pilgrim leaders, including William Bradford and William Brewster, developed the Mayflower Compact to establish a provisional government and prevent civil disorder in their new settlement, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Forty-one adult males on the voyage were required to sign the document, which was a formal pledge to adhere to future laws created by the governing body.Full Answer >
The Mayflower Compact established that the Pilgrims and other settlers who arrived at Cape Cod aboard the Mayflower in November 1620 would abide by the laws and ordinances of a "civil body politic" they would mutually set up to govern themselves. It was the foundation of Plymouth Colony and the first act of government ever written and implemented in the territory that became the United States.Full Answer >
In 1620, the Plymouth Pilgrims declared self-rule with the Mayflower Compact. Though Plymouth eventually became part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, this social contract became the model for the traditional New England town meeting.Full Answer >