San Antonio de Padua de los Robles is the full name for Mission San Antonio de Padua and means St. Anthony of Padua of the Oaks. It’s the only mission that has retained its surroundings and was the first to use a red tile roof. Father Junipero Serra founded the mission in 1771, and on May 16, 1773, it hosted the first European wedding in California.Know More
The mission moved from its original location in 1773, following water scarcity, to Los Robles Valley. At the onset of secularization in 1834, San Antonio became government property. In November 4 that year, Governor Figueroa oversaw the takeover of the mission from its padres. The mission began to crumble under state neglect around that time.
On May 31, 1863, the Church regained ownership of the mission and received a title to 33 acres. The mission was abandoned around 1882 or 1883 when father Ambris died. The building lost its roof, and its walls collapsed, but the church was not affected at the time. The California Landmark league reconstructed much of the property between 1903 and 1908.
In 2005, the owners of the mission, the diocese of Monterey, took the caretaking responsibilities for the mission from the Franciscan Friars. As of 2014, the mission is an active Catholic parish.Learn more about Ancient America
The Catholic Church founded the Archdiocese of San Antonio on Aug. 28, 1874, as the Diocese of San Antonio. Its creation established a territory that formerly belonged to the Diocese of Galveston.Full Answer >
While the modern Creek nation centers in Muskogee, Oklahoma, the Creek confederacy originally formed in the American Southeast, following a period of turmoil during the 1600s. The Creek traded slaves and deer skins with early European settlers before being forced from their land by the American government during the 1830s.Full Answer >
The Maya civilization reached its peak around the sixth century in the area of modern Guatemala, Belize and southeastern Mexico. The Mayans were a highly religious people and many of the stone buildings in Maya cities had a religious significance.Full Answer >
The Mound Builders came to North and South America during the last Ice Age at a time when around 1/3 of the planet was covered in ice. They found it easy to live on the land because the ice was beginning to melt, creating natural rivers. To get the supplies they needed, the Mound Builders would make tools and weapons from materials such as leather and shells and would also use these to trade for other necessities.Full Answer >