Mohandas Gandhi is famous for creating a doctrine of non-violent protest to achieve political and social progress. Gandhi's leadership lead to India's independence, and he is considered the father of India.
Gandhi was the leader of the nationalist movement against British rule in India in the early 1900s. According to BBC History, Gandhi was appalled by the treatment of Indians in Durban, South Africa where he worked as a lawyer. He developed the philosophy satyagraha, his "devotion to truth." At the time, satyagraha was a novel method of fighting injustice; it is a non-violent way to bring change. Gandhi developed this way of thinking from various sources, such as Hinduism, Jainism, Christianity, and the writings of Tolstoy and Thoreau.
When Gandhi later returned to India, British rulers enacted the Rowlatt Acts that enabled authorities to jail people accused of sedition. Gandhi's program of peaceful non-cooperation with the British included boycotts of British goods and institutions. Thousands were arrested. Gandhi, himself, was jailed for many years throughout his life. Over time, however, word of Gandhi's philosophies spread, and his ideas attracted followers. With Gandhi's leadership, India became an independent nation. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. later invoked Gandhi's methods in the 1960s when King protested human rights violations and other injustices in the United States.Learn More
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated with a pistol by Nathuram Godse. On January 30, 1948, Godse emerged from a crowd admiring Gandhi to shoot him three times at close range.Full Answer >
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, led the independence movement of India against the British, working against racial and socioeconomic repression. He used nonviolent tactics, inspiring civil rights movements across the world.Full Answer >
Mahatma Gandhi draws fame for political leadership: he led India's independence movement and advocated for equal treatment and rights of Indian and South African citizens. Mahatma Gandhi, born Mohandas Karamchand Ghandi, originated in Porbandar, India. Gandhi received an undergraduate education in India, then moved to London to study law before ultimately becoming involved in politics and advocating civil disobedience.Full Answer >
The young Gandhi was a small, quiet boy who disliked sports and was an average student. When he was 6 years old, Gandhi went to school in Porbandar, where he had difficulty learning to multiply. The following year, his family moved to Rajkot, where he remained a mediocre student. At the age of 13, he married Kasturbai, a girl his own age.Full Answer >