The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul does not fully detach from the body and that in order to live well in the afterlife, the body must be preserved in the best way possible. In ancient Egyptian religion, the spirit has three parts: the ka, ba and akh. The ka remains with the body in the tomb, while the ba is the part of the soul that wanders beyond the burial place and the akh is the part of the soul that travels to the underworld for judgment and to be allowed entry into the afterlife.Know More
Experts believe that the ancient Egyptians discovered the mummification process by accident. The earliest Egyptian mummies were preserved mainly because of the conditions the bodies were buried in. Before 3500 B.C., the Egyptians buried their dead in shallow pit graves, regardless of social rank. This exposed the bodies to the hot and arid desert sand, which dehydrated and thus preserved and mummified the bodies naturally.
The ancient Egyptians studied and continued to perfect the process of mummification for 2,000 years, holding on to the tradition well into the Roman era. The mummification process involved removing as much moisture as possible after taking out the internal organs. The body was dried out by covering it with a sodium-like chemical called natron for approximately 70 days. After the drying process, the body will be wrapped in cloth to complete the mummification process.
While Egyptian adults played games like dice, senet, checkers or sports for fun, children played with dolls, spinning tops and also enjoyed outdoor games. Sports, such as wrestling, boxing, boat competitions and fencing, were also an important part of Egyptian leisure life.Full Answer >
The primary staples in the diet of ancient Egyptians were dried fish, various vegetables, bread, beer and sometimes wine. Only the wealthy generally ate meat, but the general population also ate it on occasions of celebration.Full Answer >
Ancient Egyptians used coins for money, as well as a system to denote values for valuable medals like copper, silver and gold. Coins were first used by the society in 500 BC.Full Answer >
Egyptians believed cats played key roles in safeguarding critical food supplies by feeding on mice and rodents that ate precious grains and crops, and cats also protected humans from large and dangerous predators, which made cats worship worthy. Egyptians worshiped wild and domestic cats alike. They associated felines with gods and demi-gods, and built shrines, statues and temples in honor of favorite felines.Full Answer >