In 1620, the Wampanoag people who lived in Cape Cod, Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard and inland befriended the newly arrived Pilgrims. The local chief, Massasoit, agreed to exist peacefully with the Pilgrims provided both parties helped each other.
Following the first harsh winter, the Pilgrims and Native Americans worked together to hunt and fish and plant crops of corn, peas and barley. However, as more colonists arrived, the Wampanoag were driven from their land. When war resulted, the British won and sold many Wampanoag into slavery. Their language and tribal names were not allowed to be spoken. In 1928, the Wampanoag people reclaimed their tribal identity.Learn More
The original settlers of Plymouth Colony were known as the Pilgrim Fathers, or simply as Pilgrims. Before this, the settlers were known as "Old Comers."Full Answer >
When the Pilgrims lived in England, they were called Separatists and considered an extremist group. Dissatisfied with the lax rules of the Church of England at the time, the Separatists formed an illegal congregation apart from Queen Elizabeth I's Church of England.Full Answer >
According to the Plimouth Plantation, the Wampanoag tribe taught the Pilgrims how to grow Indian corn. Indian corn is a different variety of corn than the type that is familiar to most Americans.Full Answer >
The Mayflower carried 102 passengers, roughly 40 of them Pilgrims, from England to North America in 1620. The Pilgrims, who referred to themselves as "Saints," were Protestant Separatists hoping to create a church in the New World.Full Answer >