Many Native Americans live on reservations located in several of the Southwestern and Midwestern states. Some Natives, however, have fully integrated into contemporary American society and live in metropolitan cities.Know More
Reservations are lands that have been designated for Native Americans by treaty, by an executive order of the President or by an act of Congress. According to About.com, these lands are held in trust for Native tribes by the federal government, which technically means Natives do not own the land; instead, the government has the responsibility of managing the land and its resources for the tribes. Most of the 310 reservations are located in Midwestern and Southwestern states, such as Arizona, California, Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, New Mexico, Utah and Oklahoma. However, there are reservations in other parts of the country as well. For instance, the Eastern Band of the Cherokee nation’s reservation is located in North Carolina. The Yakama and Colville Reservations are located in Washington state, and the Wind River Reservation is in Wyoming.
Some tribes, such as the Southern Arapaho, have never lived on reservations. They refused the tribal lands and currently live in the rural communities of Geary and Canton, which are located in west-central Oklahoma close to the North Canadian rivers.The Northern Arapaho, however, share sovereignty with the Eastern Shoshone Tribe over the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming. According to Encyclopedia.com, it is the fourth largest reservation in the United States.Learn more in US History
The Maidu Indians are native to central and northern California, around the Sacramento area east into the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Four groups of Native American tribes formed after the area was settled around 7,000 B.C., and the Maidu language distinguished itself from other groups around 100 A.D. Nisenan Maidu, who settled around Roseville, Calif., became expert gardeners who created expansive gardens full of fruits, vegetables and flowers.Full Answer >
The French initially had a peaceful relationship with Native Americans, and they often traded with them and engaged in intermarriage. However, even though the French primarily made peaceful attempts to promote Franco culture among Native American tribes, there were occasions when they forcefully removed them from their land and employed the use of slavery.Full Answer >
According to archaeological and genetic evidence, the first Americans came from northeast Asia. Up to 28,000 years ago, a small distinct population of humans crossed the Bering Strait land bridge to populate the northwestern section of North America. The population eventually moved south and east from there.Full Answer >
Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address reminded people of the importance of equality for all men as laid out in the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln also expressed the gravity of maintaining a union of democracy in the United States.Full Answer >