The Nazi regime was referred to as the "Third Reich," which the Nazis perceived as the third glorious age of Germany, following Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire, known as the "First Reich" and Otto von Bismarck's Hohenzollern Dynasty or the "Second Reich." Adolf Hitler's rise to power was construed as the beginning of the thousand-year reign of Christ on Earth. The word "Reich" means "kingdom," and it has Christian connotations; the Nazi government itself was steeped in religious imagery and symbolism.
The term "Third Reich" was first used in 1922 by the German Arthur Moeller van den Bruck in his book, "Das Dritte Reich." The author proposed that a strong and compelling leader, called the "Fuhrer," would unify Germany into an anti-communist realm. His prediction was realized when Hitler took the helm and ruled Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.Learn More
On November 9 to November 10, 1938, the Jewish people in Nazi Germany were subjected to a night filled with violence and death in an incident known as "Kristallnacht." The Nazis burned down synagogues, while Jewish homes, hospitals and schools were vandalized and looted. Close to a hundred Jews were killed in the apparently unplanned attack.Full Answer >
The Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. Two waves of aircraft took off from six Japanese aircraft carriers and led the aerial bombardment.Full Answer >
Adolph Hitler started World War II on Sept. 1, 1939, by invading Poland. While he had earlier taken over Austria and Czechoslovakia, these actions were ignored or explained away by European leaders who did not want a war.Full Answer >
Nuclear weapons strengthen the global economy and grant diplomatic and military leverage to countries of any size that posses them. On the other hand, nuclear weapons can cause world annihilation and radioactive pollution.Full Answer >