Nebuchadnezzar was one of the greatest kings of ancient Babylon. Many historians of the ancient world have attributed the construction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon to his rule. Additionally, Nebuchadnezzar occupies an important role in the biblical narrative, particularly in the Jewish scriptures.Know More
Nebuchadnezzar is believed to have been born in 634 B.C. and to have risen to the throne of Babylon in 604 B.C., at the age of 30. He engaged in a number of military campaigns aimed at increasing the territorial expanse and power of his empire. Nebuchadnezzar also financed expansive construction projects in his capital of Nineveh, including the building and rebuilding of temples and both an underground tunnel and stone bridge designed to span the Euphrates River.
Nebuchadnezzar is probably best known for his infamous appearance in the Bible. He is the one assumed to have been responsible for the enslavement of the Jews during the Babylonian captivity and for the destruction of the original Jerusalem temple. Additionally, he is said to have tested the faith of the Jewish people through the erection of an enormous idol, which they were then ordered to prostrate before in public. According to the Book of Daniel, when three Jews named Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego refused, God protected them, rendering the three immune from Nebuchadnezzar's punishing fires. Afterward, the Daniel account depicts Nebuchadnezzar descending into madness and living in the wild for a period of seven years, only to ultimately be healed and brought into obedience with God.Learn more about Mesopotamia
Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.Full Answer >
The Assyrians were a highly advanced ancient people group with an empire that spanned from modern-day Iraq to Turkey, according to the Ancient History Encyclopedia. The empire became very affluent through the merchant trade in Anatolia.Full Answer >
Ancient Sumerian pottery is clay crockery that was created by the inhabitants of Mesopotamia between 5000 and 2000 B.C. Among the most commonly produced products were plates, jugs and other kitchenware. The Sumerians are thought to have been the first culture to use a potter's wheel.Full Answer >
The Athenian army won the Battle of Marathon, defeating a the larger army of Persian invaders. Fought in 490 B.C., this battle marked the end of the first Persian attempt to conquer Greece.Full Answer >