What new countries formed after WWI?
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Q:

What new countries formed after WWI?

A:

Quick Answer

The Treaty of Versailles created several new countries in Europe, most of them built around distinct ethnic identities such as Austria. Other new countries, such as Czechoslovakia, were carved from older empires and populated by two or more major ethnic groups.

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Before World War I, Eastern Europe was dominated by the Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman Empires. With the treaties of Brest-Litovsk and Versailles, these lands were carved into the Baltic states of Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Russian and German territory was sacrificed to create Poland, and the medieval realms of the Sudentenland, Bohemia, Moravia and Ruthenia were united under a republican government in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Hungary and what would become Yugoslavia, which had enjoyed a measure of autonomy under Austrian rule, gained full independence under the treaties of St. Germain-en-Lay and Trianon. On the border between Yugoslavia, Austria and Italy, the city of Trieste became a self-governing entity.

Beyond Europe, many colonial empires gained territory from the dismantled German Empire. Some of these lost territories, such as Syria, were placed under the authority of the League of Nations and eventually won independence. Other colonies, such as Germany's African possessions, formed the nucleus of the future independent nations of Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda.

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Related Questions

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    Was the Treaty of Versailles unfair to Germany?

    A:

    Germany felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair because it forced them to pay reparations to various countries, make territorial concessions and disarm. It also contained a War Guilt clause that required Germany to accept the blame for causing the damages and losses suffered during the war. The costs of reparation was 132 billion German marks, or roughly $31.4 billion.

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  • Q:

    What six new countries formed as a result of WWI?

    A:

    Six new countries that formed as a direct result of WWI were Poland, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Estonia. The countries were formed after the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the House of Habsburg and the German empire.

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  • Q:

    What was the purpose of the Treaty of Versailles?

    A:

    The purpose of the Treaty of Versailles, outside of establishing guidelines for continued peace, was to put strict treaty obligations on Germany in hopes of preventing further war and make the country pay reparations for the damages caused during the war. One of the key points of the treaty was the War Guilt Clause, making Germany accept that they held complete responsibility for initiating World War I.

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  • Q:

    How did WWI end?

    A:

    World War I ended on June 28, 1919, with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The four primary empires that collapsed as a result of WWI were the Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, Russian and German empires. The end of WWI witnessed 13 million lives lost and unprecedented damage.

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