Mesopotamia is considered the first civilization. Mesopotamia was an area near modern-day Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Mesopotamia is known as the "cradle of civilization" because it is where both the first civilization evolved and also where writing originated.
The invention of the wheel, the creation of written language, agriculture and domestication of animals are all credited to the Mesopotamians. Their original culture spread and brought about the advancement of humans from hunter-gatherer societies to more modern city-based people who were able to settle in one place and cultivate food. Many modern urban advancements that are still used can be traced back to Mesopotamia.Learn More
The exact oldest country in the world is difficult to determine; however, three countries are typically listed as being among the oldest countries: China, Japan and San Marino. While many empires existed in ancient times, such as Rome, Egypt and Iran, their societies were not equivalent to the modern definition of an independent country.Full Answer >
The Great Pyramid at Giza is considered the first wonder of the world, according to the Travel Channel. It is the oldest of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, and it is the only structure from that list that is still in existence.Full Answer >
Mt. Etna is considered the oldest volcano in the world. Its first recorded eruption took place around 1500 B.C.E. Since that date, the volcano is believed to have erupted an additional 190 times.Full Answer >
Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.Full Answer >