One of the primary hallmarks of the Jacksonian Era was Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy. Jackson believed that white settlers had the right to settle on lands east of the Mississippi River that belonged to American Indians. He pushed a law through Congress that led to the removal of most of the eastern American Indian tribes from their homelands.Know More
President Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law in 1830. This piece of legislation authorized the president to negotiate with the eastern tribes concerning their relocation to lands west of the Mississippi River. Although the removal was meant to be voluntary, the affected tribes, which included the Cherokee, Seminole and Choctaw, faced intense pressure to agree to the removal.
If the tribes stayed on their ancestral lands, the law required them to become citizens of the state in which their lands were located. This meant that they would be subject to the laws of that state, and the tribes would lose their autonomy. Rather than risk losing their cultural identity by assimilating into white society, some tribes agreed to move west. Others resisted, but were eventually removed from their lands by force. Many Cherokees who were forced west in the late 1830s died on the "Trail of Tears."Learn More
After the Civil War, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments gave former slaves new rights as citizens, but states quickly passed laws to prevent African Americans from gaining the same access to business opportunities, transportation and other facets of society that whites enjoyed. In 1896, the Plessy vs. Ferguson case legalized this practice as long as former slaves were given "separate but equal" facilities.Full Answer >
Harriet Tubman did not have any children with her spouses, but she did adopt a baby girl named Gertie. At the time of the adoption, Tubman was married to her second husband, Nelson Davis. Davis was a Civil War veteran.Full Answer >
Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" platform for the 1912 presidential election focused on providing support for small businessmen and small farmers while attacking the trusts, banks and tariffs. "New Freedom" subsequently became what his entire 1912-1916 presidential term was referred to after he won the election.Full Answer >
The Trail of Tears took place towards the start of the 1830s with President Andrew Jackson in office. Almost 125,000 Native Americans were forced, by the United States federal government, to move from Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida and make the long march to new land west of the Mississippi River.Full Answer >