Sigmund Freud, the creator of psychoanalysis, was one of the first doctors to research and write about the unconscious mind and repressed memories. Freud believed that psychological problems could manifest as physical symptoms.Know More
Freud, an Austrian neurologist, had a significant impact on both psychology and popular culture, introducing terms such as "Freudian slip" into everyday usage. While many of his theories have generated controversy, Freud continues to be known as one of the leading thinkers of the 20th century, notes About.com.
With the help of his follower Princess Marie Bonaparte, Freud, his wife and daughter fled the Nazis to the safety of Paris in 1938. In 1939, Freud died in London from a fatal dose of morphine that he requested from his doctor as he fought terminal cancer in his jaw.Learn more about Modern History
In psychoanalytic theory, the three levels of consciousness as outlined by Sigmund Freud are the conscious, preconscious and unconscious minds. Freud likened this theory to an iceberg with a visible tip, the conscious mind; an obscured but visible middle, the preconscious; and a bulk hidden beneath the water, the unconscious.Full Answer >
Although there are many different varieties of counseling, the three basic theories are reflected in Carl Rogers' person-centered or client-centered approach, Sigmund Freud's psychodynamic approach and the cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, approach promoted by Aaron T. Beck and Albert Ellis. Freud's approach is the oldest accepted form of counseling and places the focus on the unconscious mind and the effect of childhood experiences on an individual's current thoughts and behavior. Rogers' person-centered approach emphasizes self-actualization, self-healing and self-awareness while cognitive behavioral therapy, which is based on conditioned learning and response, seeks to determine how and why an individual reacts in a particular manner in a given situation.Full Answer >
Sigmund Freud, a psychoanalytic psychologist, explained defense mechanisms as unconscious forces that react to conflicts by acting in defense of the ego. Defense mechanisms protect the conscious mind from overwhelming feelings or anxiety-producing thoughts. There are at least 10 different defense mechanisms.Full Answer >
Biology is important to psychologists in several ways: Comparative methods learned in biology compare different species and help to understand human behavior. Physiology studies the nervous system and the functioning of the brain and helps to determine how these systems affect behavior. Study of inheritance helps in predicting human behavior.Full Answer >