Q:

What was the outcome of the Russian Revolution?

A:

Quick Answer

The 1917 Russian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy of Czar Nicholas II, the rise to power of the Russian Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin and the withdrawal of Russia from World War I. A civil war in Russia followed the revolution as the supporters of the old czarist regime, the "whites," struggled with the new Bolshevik powers, the "reds," for control. The Bolsheviks won the civil war and Russia became the Soviet Union, or U.S.S.R., in 1922.

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Full Answer

Russia became the world's first country ruled by a centralized socialist government with Lenin as its head of state. After Lenin's death in 1924, Joseph Stalin gained control of the Russian government and remained in power until his death in 1953. His rule over Russia, during which his policies resulted in the loss of millions of lives, is considered by many historians to be one of the most brutal dictatorships in the modern world.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What role did Leon Trotsky play in the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    In Vladimir Lenin's government in the Russian Revolution, Leon Trotsky first played the role of Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then the leader of the Red Army. In the Bolshevik government, he was second only to Lenin and seemed destined to succeed him until Joseph Stalin outmaneuvered him politically and banished him from the Soviet Union.

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  • Q:

    How did the Bolsheviks come to power?

    A:

    The Bolsheviks came to power in Russia through a nearly bloodless coup called the October Revolution. This coup occurred in early November 1917, eight months after the February Revolution that had deposed the Russian czar on March 15th and established a republic. Though the Bolsheviks were not the sole party participating in the October Revolution, they led the way and controlled most of the organs of power.

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  • Q:

    What were the causes of the Russian Revolution?

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    The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.

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  • Q:

    What were the results of the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    According to Marquette University, the Russian Revolution of 1917 resulted in the end of the tsar and aristocracy along with the beginning of communism. After a series of foreign wars and taxes on the Russian population, the Russian Revolution overthrew Tsar Nicholas II in February 1917. After disagreement between the two main political parties, another revolution in October 1917 declared Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin leader.

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