Pan-Asian means having to do with all Asian peoples. Various ideologies promoting the unity of all Asian people are also referred to as Pan-Asianism. The prefix pan- by itself means relating to all of the people or places of a given group.
While Pan-Asian by itself just means the union of Asian peoples, Pan-Asianism as a philosophy is frequently used in the context of uniting against Europeans and the West. In 1924, famed Chinese nationalist Sun Yat-Sen called for "Greater Asianism" to resist European imperialism and win independence for Asian nations. Japan was also a vocal supporter of Pan-Asianism during the early 20th century, and during World War II, the nation referred to its conquests in Southeast Asia and the Pacific as the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere in an attempt to legitimize its invasions and promote the belief that it was looking out for other Asian peoples despite the atrocities Japan committed against them
Pan-Asianism continues to exist today. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN, was originally founded to stop the expansion of communism in the area, but today it serves to promote regional stability, economic prosperity and social progress, and it has even expanded to include socialist-communist states like Laos and Vietnam. Former Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and other thinkers have also promoted Pan-Asian values in contrast to the belief systems of the West.Learn More
The Communist Revolution in China was a civil war between the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Nationalist Party that occurred in 1949 and 1950. On Oct. 1, 1949, Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the country was now the People's Republic of China, and the two sides began open warfare. The Communists quickly gained the upper hand, taking over the country while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan.Full Answer >
Japan's transformation into an imperial power was the result of its victory as a member of the Allied Powers in World War I, its growth as a westernized industrial nation and the gain of territory achieved during its wars with Russia and China between 1894 and 1905. Japan was also granted control of the Shandong Peninsula in China in exchange for helping the British during World War I. Prior to the outbreak of World War II, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria, an act which further established Japanese territorial expansion and gained the country control of a Chinese province rich in resources.Full Answer >
The Long March was a series of marches that the Red Army undertook to flee concerted attacks by the Guomingdang. It was started by Otto Braun, who convinced the Communist Party to expel Mao Zedong and retreat to Hunan, causing a loss of over 50 percent of their fighting force along the way. Control returned to Mao Zedong, whose success with the Red Army ascended him to power.Full Answer >
The Boxer Rebellion occurred when a conservative nationalist government took power in China in 1898 and prompted the Boxers, a secret society with anti-Christian sentiments, to rebel against the presence of Westerners in the country. The Boxers were generally anti-foreigner but focused particularly on Chinese Christians and Christian missionaries.Full Answer >