Pan-Asian means having to do with all Asian peoples. Various ideologies promoting the unity of all Asian people are also referred to as Pan-Asianism. The prefix pan- by itself means relating to all of the people or places of a given group.
While Pan-Asian by itself just means the union of Asian peoples, Pan-Asianism as a philosophy is frequently used in the context of uniting against Europeans and the West. In 1924, famed Chinese nationalist Sun Yat-Sen called for "Greater Asianism" to resist European imperialism and win independence for Asian nations. Japan was also a vocal supporter of Pan-Asianism during the early 20th century, and during World War II, the nation referred to its conquests in Southeast Asia and the Pacific as the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere in an attempt to legitimize its invasions and promote the belief that it was looking out for other Asian peoples despite the atrocities Japan committed against them
Pan-Asianism continues to exist today. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN, was originally founded to stop the expansion of communism in the area, but today it serves to promote regional stability, economic prosperity and social progress, and it has even expanded to include socialist-communist states like Laos and Vietnam. Former Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and other thinkers have also promoted Pan-Asian values in contrast to the belief systems of the West.Learn More
Japan's transformation into an imperial power was the result of its victory as a member of the Allied Powers in World War I, its growth as a westernized industrial nation and the gain of territory achieved during its wars with Russia and China between 1894 and 1905. Japan was also granted control of the Shandong Peninsula in China in exchange for helping the British during World War I. Prior to the outbreak of World War II, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria, an act which further established Japanese territorial expansion and gained the country control of a Chinese province rich in resources.Full Answer >
The Great Leap Forward refers to Chairman Mao's 1958 plan to modernize China's economy to rival that of the United States in 30 years. His key concerns for development were agriculture and industry.Full Answer >
The most recent war in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, with the initiation of intense air attacks and ground assaults by British and American forces. Other nations, such as Canada, France, Germany and Australia, provided logistical support, and anti-Taliban Afghan rebels from the Northern Alliance provided ground support during the invasion.Full Answer >
The greatest achievement of Mahatma Gandhi is his lifelong fight for India's independence, which finally happened on August 15, 1947. After India won its independence from British rule in 1947, Gandhi successfully fasted for 21 days, which encouraged the Muslims and Indians to end their war.Full Answer >