"Peace without victory" refers to Woodrow Wilson's attempts to advocate for a peaceful solution to World War I. Wilson made the speech in January of 1917, but his appeal was not heeded, and the United States declared war against Germany only two short months later.Know More
Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, was in the Civil War era and had seen the destruction that massive warfare brought. It was crucial to his political campaigning to keep the United States out of the war that was ravaging Europe. In the "peace without victory" speech, he pointed out that each side of the conflict had expressed at least some willingness to discuss terms of peace without surrendering. Rather than join the war, Wilson idealistically called for the United States to be a peacemaker, applying its power along with other nations to the cause of preventing a war of this scale from ever happening again.
Wilson's argument called this an extension of the Monroe doctrine of non-interference, where for over a century the United States had avoided entanglement in European conflicts (and demanded in return that European powers similarly leave the Americas alone). He believed that each nation should be left in peace to govern itself, and that this could only be achieved by a universal agreement to limit military power, keep the oceans free and open to all and avoid the military alliances which had turned World War I into a global conflict.Learn more about World War 1
Germany initially became part of the first World War due to the treaty it had with Austria-Hungary, which had declared war on Serbia due to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. France and Russia were both also party to the war on the Allies side due to Russia's treaty with Serbia and France's treaty with Russia. The assassination basically set fire to a powder keg of mistrust that was already brewing due to the various countries interest in founding new colonies in Africa as well as Asia and the Middle East.Full Answer >
According to About.com, Germany was not a major cause of the start of World War I. In fact, it was Austria-Hungary that first declared war on Serbia, leading to the beginning of WWI. Not all countries entered into WWI at the same time. Japan, Italy and the United States are examples of countries that took part in the war but were not involved from the beginning.Full Answer >
The Central Powers were Germany, the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, while the Triple Entente was composed initially of the Allied Powers Russia, France and Great Britain. The Central Powers crafted the first alliance, and the Allied Powers were designed to counter the Central Powers.Full Answer >
Imperialism contributed to World War I the amount of land that Britain and France owned led to a heightened rivalry with Germany, which sought to acquire colonies later on and only controlled small portions of Africa. Tensions rose during the fight for Africa in the late 1800s, when European powers France, Germany and Britain secured the remains of the continent. During this time, imperial rivalry was present along with powerful nationalism, helping to contribute to prewar tensions throughout Europe.Full Answer >