The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, or the Pendleton Act, states that U.S. Government employees should be hired on merit and not political reasons. It was passed in 1883 after President James Garfield was assassinated by a disgruntled job seeker.Know More
Before the Pendleton Act, which did not apply to state and local governments, was passed, government employees were often chosen based on ties to politicians or their political affiliation. The act changed this system and replaced it with a system of competitive exams. The act also made it illegal for government employees to have their employment terminated or receive a demotion for political reasons. The United States Civil Service Commission was created to help enforce the new merit system.
George Washington made the most of his appointments for the government based on merit. By the time Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828, however, many government positions were being filled by friends and political supporters of the president. In the years after Jackson left office, the system's flaws and abuses became an issue due to a substantial increase in government jobs and the skills needed to perform more specialized work.
Today, the Pendleton Act applies to around 90 percent of the 2.7 million employees of the federal government.Learn more about US History
The Judiciary Act of 1789 is an example of an example of a bill or act that revolves around the judiciary court system. The Act was signed into law by President George Washington during 1789, according to The Library of Congress.Full Answer >
Enacted in 1766, the Declaratory Act extended the authority of Parliament to the American colonies, and it stated that the government had the right to pass laws that impacted the colonies. It was a repeal of the Stamp Act of 1765 and a change to the Sugar Act of 1764. The act was a response to boycotts from the colonies, and it was a way for the British government to save face.Full Answer >
The Amnesty Act of 1872 returned the right to hold office to most of the secessionists who rebelled during the Civil War. The federal government offered the Confederacy amnesty to encourage loyalty and smooth the way for Reconstruction. The Amnesty Act of 1872 was part of a series of acts that granted certain groups of Confederate citizens amnesty and the return of their property and homes.Full Answer >
The British 1765 Stamp Act, a law that taxed all printed papers and stamped them "paid," was a major trigger for the American Revolution, according to the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Colonists found this tax to be unfair because, for the first time, the British government was taxing them to raise money instead of as a form of commercial regulation.Full Answer >