The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, or the Pendleton Act, states that U.S. Government employees should be hired on merit and not political reasons. It was passed in 1883 after President James Garfield was assassinated by a disgruntled job seeker.Know More
Before the Pendleton Act, which did not apply to state and local governments, was passed, government employees were often chosen based on ties to politicians or their political affiliation. The act changed this system and replaced it with a system of competitive exams. The act also made it illegal for government employees to have their employment terminated or receive a demotion for political reasons. The United States Civil Service Commission was created to help enforce the new merit system.
George Washington made the most of his appointments for the government based on merit. By the time Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828, however, many government positions were being filled by friends and political supporters of the president. In the years after Jackson left office, the system's flaws and abuses became an issue due to a substantial increase in government jobs and the skills needed to perform more specialized work.
Today, the Pendleton Act applies to around 90 percent of the 2.7 million employees of the federal government.Learn more about US History
Enacted in 1766, the Declaratory Act extended the authority of Parliament to the American colonies, and it stated that the government had the right to pass laws that impacted the colonies. It was a repeal of the Stamp Act of 1765 and a change to the Sugar Act of 1764. The act was a response to boycotts from the colonies, and it was a way for the British government to save face.Full Answer >
The official website of the Parliament of the United Kingdom states that the Mines Act of 1842 was a piece of legislation introduced to ensure that boys under the age of 10 were prohibited from being used as labor in coal mines. The act was hastily enacted, and subsequent legislation increased the minimum age for boys in the coal mines from 10 to 12.Full Answer >
The Reconstruction Act put military generals from the North in charge of military districts in the South, it made former confederate states ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and it led to African-American suffrage. The Southern states, and even President Andrew Johnson, were opposed to the act.Full Answer >
As a way to raise revenues from the 13 colonies in America, the British Parliament passed the Sugar Act on April 5, 1764. It was a law that placed a tax on sugar and other goods, such as coffee and wine. Although the Sugar Act reduced the tax rate of molasses by 3 pence per gallon, this law also put in place measures to ensure the strict collection of this tax.Full Answer >