The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, or the Pendleton Act, states that U.S. Government employees should be hired on merit and not political reasons. It was passed in 1883 after President James Garfield was assassinated by a disgruntled job seeker.Know More
Before the Pendleton Act, which did not apply to state and local governments, was passed, government employees were often chosen based on ties to politicians or their political affiliation. The act changed this system and replaced it with a system of competitive exams. The act also made it illegal for government employees to have their employment terminated or receive a demotion for political reasons. The United States Civil Service Commission was created to help enforce the new merit system.
George Washington made the most of his appointments for the government based on merit. By the time Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828, however, many government positions were being filled by friends and political supporters of the president. In the years after Jackson left office, the system's flaws and abuses became an issue due to a substantial increase in government jobs and the skills needed to perform more specialized work.
Today, the Pendleton Act applies to around 90 percent of the 2.7 million employees of the federal government.Learn more about US History
The Foraker Act was signed on April 2, 1900 by United States President William McKinley to establish a civilian government in Puerto Rico. This civil law is also known as the Organic Act of 1900, and it was named after its sponsor, Joseph Benson Foraker.Full Answer >
The British 1765 Stamp Act, a law that taxed all printed papers and stamped them "paid," was a major trigger for the American Revolution, according to the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Colonists found this tax to be unfair because, for the first time, the British government was taxing them to raise money instead of as a form of commercial regulation.Full Answer >
The official website of the Parliament of the United Kingdom states that the Mines Act of 1842 was a piece of legislation introduced to ensure that boys under the age of 10 were prohibited from being used as labor in coal mines. The act was hastily enacted, and subsequent legislation increased the minimum age for boys in the coal mines from 10 to 12.Full Answer >
The Reconstruction Act put military generals from the North in charge of military districts in the South, it made former confederate states ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and it led to African-American suffrage. The Southern states, and even President Andrew Johnson, were opposed to the act.Full Answer >