During WWI, poison gas was used as a type of chemical warfare to attack large armies. The gas was delivered either by using the wind to carry the poisonous gas to the enemy's front line or by placing the gas into artillery and aerial bombs and firing them at the enemy's front lines.Know More
The Germans first successfully used lethal poison gas during WWI in 1915, when German soldiers fired ammunition shells filled with xylyl bromide at Russian troops at Bolimov. Due to the cold temperatures, most of the gas froze before hitting the Russian troops. Despite this, Russians reported the loss of more than 1,000 men as a result of this new weapon. The Germans also attempted to use tear gas on French soldiers nearly a year earlier, but the attempt was unsuccessful.
Despite the fact that the Germans were the first to use lethal gas during WWI, it was the French army that started chemical warfare. The first account of chemical warfare happened in 1912, nearly three years before the Germans' first successful attempt, when the French used tear gas on the battlefield. However, this tear gas was more of an irritant than anything deadly. After witnessing this type of warfare, the Germans started the development of their own chemical weapons.Learn more about World War 1
Prior to WWI, powers across Europe were rapidly expanding their armies, which built a sense of distrust among the nations. Britain felt particularly threatened by Germany, as it began to rapidly expand its army. However, militarism operated alongside other WWI causes and was not solely responsible for triggering the war.Full Answer >
Life during WWI was characterized by the inescapability of the conflict; soldiers faced imminent danger and unhealthy trench conditions, while civilians dealt with rationing, evacuations and air raids. During this time, entire nations pulled together to support their respective war efforts. In addition, the war brought many opportunities for women, who stepped in to fill the social and economic roles of the men deployed to combat.Full Answer >
According to PBS, there were two main causes of the stalemate during WWI: the failed military tactics of The Schlieffen Plan, and the new war tactics required for trench warfare.Full Answer >
The major combatants in World War I were the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire versus the Allied Forces of Great Britain, France, the United States, Russia, Italy and Japan. In addition, nearly 20 other countries and several colonies joined the conflict.Full Answer >