In the 1930s, following World War I, the appeasement policy was a conciliatory method of dealing with a dictatorial government in an effort to prevent conflict. Following the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, Germany was severely punished for its part in World War I. It was stripped of lands, population, mineral and coal deposits, and it lost a large portion of its military power.Know More
An article on appeasement by the History Channel relates that Germany was outraged at what it perceived to be unfair treatment. In 1936, Adolf Hitler cautiously began militarization in Rhineland, which was specifically forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. When England and France made no comment on this military action, Hitler realized that the two democracies were hoping to avoid a confrontation. Hitler and Italy's dictator, Mussolini, continued to push the limits imposed by the treaty and subtle appeasement set in.
In 1937, Neville Chamberlain was elected as Great Britain's Prime Minister. He embraced an appeasement policy, along with French Premier Edouard Daladier. Their countries had been devastated by World War I, and they wished nothing more than to avoid another war with Germany. Throughout Europe, entire cities ceased to exist. In total, more than 8.5 million men died during that war. There were strong feelings in both countries of peace at any cost.Learn more about World War 2
German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck used the expression "Blood and Iron," or more accurately "Eisen und Blut," to describe how the great moments in history are decided through conflict and warfare. Bismarck's phrase was meant to assert that wars decide the major events of history, and it was delivered as an appeal to the Prussian Parliament to increase defense spending.Full Answer >
The Battle of Britain in World War II was Nazi Germany's effort to prevent the United Kingdom from being an effective contender in the war. It was a series of bombing raids conducted mainly by the German Luftwaffe against strategic military and civilian targets in southern England, and countered by the British Royal Air Force.Full Answer >
The Double V Campaign was an effort during World War II that campaigned for full citizenship rights for African Americans fighting for the United States in the war. It was spearheaded by The Pittsburgh Courier, one of the most prominent African American newspapers of the time.Full Answer >
The June 6, 1944 landing operations in Normandy, codenamed "Operation Neptune" and known as "D-Day," were undertaken by the Western Allies in an effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II. The Normandy landings were the largest seaborne invasion in history at the time.Full Answer >