A power loom is a mechanical loom that is powered by a drive shaft. Edmund Cartwright designed the power loom in 1784, and the first one was patented and built in 1785.Know More
Prior to the introduction of the power loom in 1785, weaving was done by hand on huge, cumbersome machines. Edmund Cartwright's invention made weaving much easier and more efficient. Everything that was previously done by a weaver's hands and feet was now done by the machine. Even though the process was mostly automated, people were still needed to load the machines and repair them when broken.
The power loom performed well initially, but Edmund Cartwright became bankrupt a few years after his first loom went into operation. William Horrocks made improvements on Cartwright's invention and, in 1802, he patented a new power loom design. It was even more efficient due to an improvement in winding the cloth on the back of the machine. By 1850, there were 250,000 power looms in Britain.
Even though the power loom streamlined the textile industry, there was a downside to the invention. The introduction of the loom resulted in unemployment and reduced wages for employees who were not let go. Since the loom was so easy to operate, there was also an increase in child labor.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
Edmund Cartwright invented the power loom to automate the process of producing cloth from thread. It worked first with water power and then steam power. The first machine he patented was inefficient, and he worked continually to improve it.Full Answer >
James Watt's key contribution to the Industrial Revolution was his improvement of steam engine technology. His enhancements reduced the waste of power that occurred in previous versions of the engine and allowed the steam engine to work constantly. The improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the explosion of advances that occurred during the Industrial Revolution.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution involved rural, lower working class of both Europe and United States of America. The movement was initiated with the invention of machines, allowing for the manufacturing of goods in large quantities never seen before.Full Answer >
One of the most notable international events of 1883 was the eruption of Krakatoa in Java from August 26th to 28th that killed over 40,000 people and affected weather worldwide. Wikipedia notes that other important events from 1883 include the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City, the first journey of the Orient Express from Paris to Istanbul and the codification of the five standard continental time zones.Full Answer >