William McKinley was the president before Theodore Roosevelt, and Herbert Hoover was the president before Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Theodore Roosevelt was the United States' 26th president, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the country's 32nd president.
William McKinley was president between 1897 and 1901 and is responsible for the winning of the 1898 Spanish-American War that aided Cuba in gaining independence from Spain. Herbert Hoover was president between 1929 and 1933, which was also the beginning of the Great Depression. During this time, many Americans fell into poverty, and the New York Stock Exchange plummeted severely, resulting in the closure of several banks.