Richard Nixon, the 37th United States president, made use of a successful "Southern strategy" to win enough electoral votes from the southern states to defeat Hubert Humphrey, his 1968 Democratic election opponent. Until the 1960s, the southern states had traditionally voted against the Republican "Party of Lincoln" since the Confederate States' loss of the Civil War. By appealing to the anti-integration, states' rights and law-and-order sentiments of many Southerners of the time, Nixon was able to sway enough voters to the Republican ticket and win the election.Know More
A similar strategy had been attempted previously by Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater in 1964. As a result, Goldwater won the "Deep South" states of Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, South Carolina and Georgia. He was the first Republican candidate to win these states since the post-Civil War Reconstruction era. Goldwater's opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, however, hurt his campaign elsewhere and he failed to win any other states except his home state, Arizona.
Four years later, Nixon's "Southern strategy" proved to be successful. Nixon was able to reassure Southern voters that he would be less aggressive in pursuing a civil rights agenda than the previous Democratic administration headed by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Nixon's campaign helped gain the support of the Southern states through his opposition to school busing, judicial activism and by remarking that the South should not be treated "as a whipping boy."Learn more about US History
President Richard Nixon's "enemies list" was an informal list of Nixon's political enemies that included businessmen, film executives, philanthropists, professors, politicians and journalists. According to the White House Counsel's office, the purpose of the list was to harass Nixon's enemies through IRS tax audits.Full Answer >
Reconstruction ended in 1877 when the new U.S. President, Rutherford B. Hayes, ordered all federal troops to leave the southern states. According to Education Portal, that action allowed Democrats to move into the South and place restrictions on the estimated 3 to 4 million slaves who had received their freedom in 1863 under President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation.Full Answer >
The decision ofÂ southern states to secede from the Federal Union was largely a response to the threatenedÂ abolition or restriction of slave labor, which underpinned many of these states' social and labor systems. Although initially uncomfortable with the idea of complete secession, John C. Calhoun (the slave states' principal spokesman) grew in confidence following the Mexican War and the land acquisitions thereof.Full Answer >
President Richard Nixon was not impeached. On July 27, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommended the impeachment and removal from office of president for obstructing justice, abuse of power and contempt of Congress. Before the required vote, Nixon resigned, effective Aug. 9, 1974.Full Answer >