As Europe approaches the second half of the 21st-century's second decade, it faces pressing issues of anti-EU sentiment, sluggish economic growth and high unemployment. While many are calling for a greater degree of integration between the European Union's member-states, growing concerns regarding the region's struggling businesses and sluggish GDP growth are giving rise to Euroscepticism, or a lack of faith in the EU's ability to bring about significant improvements. According to a report released in October of 2013 by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 120 million Europeans were at risk of falling into poverty.Know More
Research conducted by the World Health Organization points to an increase in European suicide rates that parallels the region's rise in mass unemployment and the shrinking of the its middle class. Increased illegal immigration and growing xenophobia are also generating a greater risk of political instability and social turmoil. One of the problems affecting the business sector, and adding to the unemployment situation, is the inability of small businesses to obtain much-needed loans.
Coordination of differing foreign policies across the European region is poor and it is believed that a much greater degree of collaboration will be needed to prevent otherwise avoidable security and economic threats. The region's financial system has not been fully stabilized, particularly with regard to the large banks, and there is the potential for a significant inflation issue to develop in the long run.Learn more about Modern Europe
The primary reason for European colonization of Africa was capitalism. European nations saw opportunity for new trade routes and potential wealth in some of Africa's natural resources. The geographical limitations of Europe were also a factor.Full Answer >
Nationalism affected Europe during the 19th century by making Europeans feel superior to other countries and governments, which led to the unification of both Germany and Italy, with Russia moving towards modernization and with France moving towards liberalism. This sense of superiority led to a stronger sense of unity between the peoples of each country and to a desire for increased military power which then, in turn, led to an alliance system between the European nations.Full Answer >
In 1940, Hitler began a successful invasion that saw most of Western Europe fall to German forces before the year's end. Hitler's forces occupied much of Western Europe while continuing to bomb Great Britain and preparing to invade Russia.Full Answer >
The Seven Years' War (1756-1763) was caused by ongoing tension between Great Britain and France as well as Russian and Austrian fears of Prussia's growing power in Europe, and it resulted in further colonial supremacy for Great Britain and widespread acknowledgement of Prussia as a major European power. However, the great cost at which Prussia defeated its southern neighbor also restored Austria's military reputation after its humiliation in the War of Austrian Succession, and while the war paved the way for British domination in India, it forced caused Great Britain to pass laws to pacify its new Canadian possessions that ended up sparking the American Revolutionary War.Full Answer >