The purpose of the civil rights movement was to establish equal rights for African Americans, says History.com. An incident on a bus started the protest. In December 1955, an African American women named Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white person. Her being jailed for not giving up her seat is what influenced other African Americans to start the movement.
Scholastic.com reports that the civil rights movement had a strong foundational base in the South where most of the African American population was concentrated. The South was also where the effects of racial inequality were felt the most. Although the civil rights movement can be traced back to the 19th century, it reached the height of its popularity during the 1960s. Martin Luther King Jr was one of the most influential people in the civil rights movement. He was an excellent orator and was the movement's spokesperson. King understood that boycotts and non-violent tactics resulted in better outcomes. After the assassination of King, the rise of black militancy and groups such as the black panthers halted the movement's momentum. The civil rights movement has served as an inspirational model for women, students, Chicanos, gays and lesbians, the elderly and for other groups seeking equal rights.Learn More
During World War II, the Double V campaign was a movement by African Americans demanding equal rights in exchange for the sacrifices they were making in the war. The Double V campaign represented two victories, one in the war and one against the inequality in the country.Full Answer >
The Million Man March was a political demonstration to promote family values and unity among African Americans. The march was held on Oct. 16, 1995 in Washington, D.C.Full Answer >
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was responsible for outlawing segregation across the country, and for also banning discrimination in hiring processes based on sex, religion or race. While initially passed in 1964, the bill was added upon in the years following to clarify and strengthen the effect of the bill.Full Answer >
In the United States, the civil rights movement began in 1951 when the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear the case Brown v. Board of Education. In 1954 the case was decided in favor of desegregation.Full Answer >