The Espionage and Sedition Acts made it illegal to speak out against about the government during America's involvement in World War I. While these acts applied to all Americans, it took a heavy toll on both immigrants and newspapers. This legislature effectively negated freedom of speech that related to American war efforts.Know More
The Espionage Act took effect on June 15, 1917. It prevented individuals from voicing or publishing opinions that had the potential to interfere with America's ability to defeat their enemies. For the most part, the public was not upset by the Espionage Act. In fact, no one was officially convicted under the Espionage Act. The Sedition Act, put into effect on May 16, 1918, amended the Espionage Act in a way that caused public outrage. The Sedition Act stated that the government had the ability to punish people for voicing their opinions about the war, supporting the enemy cause, displaying a German flag and obstructing the sale of war bonds.
The Sedition Act put several publications out of business. Newspapers were forbidden from printing anything that criticized American involvement in the war. Unlike the Espionage Act, the Sedition Act resulted in about 1,000 convictions, and many of these convictions were immigrants. The Supreme Court upheld the Espionage and Sedition Acts, claiming that speaking against the government in such a way would provide a "clear and present" danger to the nation. The Sedition Act was repealed in 1921.Learn more about Modern History
The purpose of the Pan African Movement was to establish independence among African Nations and promote unity among all black people in the world. The Pan African Movement began in the 19th century but was strengthened by several conferences held in London between 1900 and 1923. The movement gave birth to Organization of African Union in 1963 which later changed its name to African Union.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Hartford Convention was to protest the Federal Government's involvement in the War of 1812. The meeting was held in secret by Federalist delegates at the Old State House in Hartford, Connecticut on Dec. 15, 1814.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Selective Service Act was to allow the U.S. government to draft soldiers after the United States entered World War I. At the time of the Selective Service Act, the Western Front was in dire need of troops.Full Answer >
British Parliament implemented the Coercive Acts, known to the American colonists as the Intolerable Acts, to punish the residents of Boston for the Boston Tea Party and strengthen British control over Massachusetts. The British hoped to use strict martial law to isolate Boston and New England from the other colonies.Full Answer >