The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.Know More
Leaders of the Nazi Party were indicted on four counts. Crimes of conspiracy involved planning or assisting those involved in crimes against the peace. Crimes against the peace involved preparation, initiation and waging of wars of aggression. War crimes included the killing of civilians and POWs and the wanton destruction of property. Crimes against humanity included enslavement, torture, deportation and genocide. Twenty-four people were indicted in the initial war crimes trial, and 185 people were indicted in later trials.
Some of the most prominent Nazi leadership, including Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, committed suicide before the beginning of the trials. Of the 24 defendants who were accused of war crimes, 12 received death sentences, nine received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life, and three were acquitted. Of the 185 people later tried, 12 received death sentences and 85 others received prison sentences. Though the Nuremberg trials were controversial at the time, they established a precedent for international law and eventually led to the establishment of the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.Learn more about World War 2
Germany, Italy and Japan were the three principal countries known as the Axis powers in World War II. They created an alliance that recognized Germany's right to control most of continental Europe, Japan's right to East Asia and the Pacific, and Italy's right to the Mediterranean. They became official allies via the Tripartite Pact on Sept. 27, 1940.Full Answer >
World War II officially started in Europe in 1939, following the Polish invasion by Adolf Hitler and prompting Britain and France to formally declare war against Germany. The United States joined the Allied forces in 1941.Full Answer >
The Axis alliance during World War II was headed by Germany, Italy and Japan. Other countries that were affiliated with the Axis included Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Thailand.Full Answer >
World War II was primarily a conflict between the Allies (the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Axis powers (Germany, Japan and Italy). The Axis also included Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, while Finland, Thailand and Iraq joined the fight on their side as cobelligerents. The Allies were joined by a host of other countries from around the world that contributed forces or supplies to the fight.Full Answer >