The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.Know More
Leaders of the Nazi Party were indicted on four counts. Crimes of conspiracy involved planning or assisting those involved in crimes against the peace. Crimes against the peace involved preparation, initiation and waging of wars of aggression. War crimes included the killing of civilians and POWs and the wanton destruction of property. Crimes against humanity included enslavement, torture, deportation and genocide. Twenty-four people were indicted in the initial war crimes trial, and 185 people were indicted in later trials.
Some of the most prominent Nazi leadership, including Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, committed suicide before the beginning of the trials. Of the 24 defendants who were accused of war crimes, 12 received death sentences, nine received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life, and three were acquitted. Of the 185 people later tried, 12 received death sentences and 85 others received prison sentences. Though the Nuremberg trials were controversial at the time, they established a precedent for international law and eventually led to the establishment of the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.Learn more about World War 2
World War II began when Germany invaded Poland in 1939. The invasion began on September 1, but the war didn't begin officially until Great Britain and France declared war on Germany.Full Answer >
Italy joined World War II as an ally of Germany in 1940, at the behest of its fascist prime minister, Benito Mussolini, which greatly expanded the geographical scope of the war. The Italian campaigns in North Africa and Greece turned into quagmires that required Germany's intervention. In 1943, partially due to the Allies taking over Sicily, the Italians deposed Mussolini and signed a peace treaty with the Allies.Full Answer >
Major events of World War II include Germany's invasion of Austria, the Treaty of Munich, the subsequent German invasion of Czechoslovakia and Poland, formal declarations of war by Britain and France, the entrance of Japan into the war, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war formally began in September of 1939 and ended in September of 1945.Full Answer >
Richard Winters was a U.S. Army officer who served in World War II, Operation Market Garden, the Western Allied invasion of Germany and in the Battle of the Bulge. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star on two occasions.Full Answer >