The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.Know More
Leaders of the Nazi Party were indicted on four counts. Crimes of conspiracy involved planning or assisting those involved in crimes against the peace. Crimes against the peace involved preparation, initiation and waging of wars of aggression. War crimes included the killing of civilians and POWs and the wanton destruction of property. Crimes against humanity included enslavement, torture, deportation and genocide. Twenty-four people were indicted in the initial war crimes trial, and 185 people were indicted in later trials.
Some of the most prominent Nazi leadership, including Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, committed suicide before the beginning of the trials. Of the 24 defendants who were accused of war crimes, 12 received death sentences, nine received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life, and three were acquitted. Of the 185 people later tried, 12 received death sentences and 85 others received prison sentences. Though the Nuremberg trials were controversial at the time, they established a precedent for international law and eventually led to the establishment of the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.Learn more about World War 2
Germany, Italy and Japan were the three principal countries known as the Axis powers in World War II. They created an alliance that recognized Germany's right to control most of continental Europe, Japan's right to East Asia and the Pacific, and Italy's right to the Mediterranean. They became official allies via the Tripartite Pact on Sept. 27, 1940.Full Answer >
The countries that fought in World War II were Germany, Italy and Japan, which comprised the Axis Powers, and Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America, which comprised the Allies. Although Ireland remained neutral, many Irish fought on the side of the Allies. This war was fought for dominance over Europe, Asia and the Pacific.Full Answer >
World War II began on Sept. 1, 1939, when Germany invaded and conquered Poland. Other countries soon joined forces in an effort to stop Germany from committing further acts of aggression, resulting in a war that lasted for 6 years and spanned the globe.Full Answer >
The Holocaust took place primarily in Germany and Poland, but also in other countries that the Germans occupied during World War II. At first, most victims were lined up and shot, but later victims were sent to camps where they were executed with poisonous gas.Full Answer >