The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.
Leaders of the Nazi Party were indicted on four counts. Crimes of conspiracy involved planning or assisting those involved in crimes against the peace. Crimes against the peace involved preparation, initiation and waging of wars of aggression. War crimes included the killing of civilians and POWs and the wanton destruction of property. Crimes against humanity included enslavement, torture, deportation and genocide. Twenty-four people were indicted in the initial war crimes trial, and 185 people were indicted in later trials.
Some of the most prominent Nazi leadership, including Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, committed suicide before the beginning of the trials. Of the 24 defendants who were accused of war crimes, 12 received death sentences, nine received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life, and three were acquitted. Of the 185 people later tried, 12 received death sentences and 85 others received prison sentences. Though the Nuremberg trials were controversial at the time, they established a precedent for international law and eventually led to the establishment of the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court.Learn More
The Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941. Two waves of aircraft took off from six Japanese aircraft carriers and led the aerial bombardment.Full Answer >
V-J Day was on August 14, 1945. V-J Day marks the day that Japan surrendered to the Allied forces during World War II with "V-J" standing for "victory over Japan" and signifying the end of the conflict in the Pacific Theater.Full Answer >
As a program of mass murder or genocide, the Holocaust concluded with the end of the Second World War in 1945. In terms of making a philosophical observation, general consensus has made the conclusion that the episode is the epitome of evil. While the events themselves are over, the ramifications and issues raised by the Holocaust continue to be debated to the present day.Full Answer >
The Holocaust affected many countries, but Hitler was primarily focused on eradicating Jewish civilians from European countries occupied by Nazi Germany. The most affected countries include Germany, Austria, Poland, Italy and several countries within the Soviet Union.Full Answer >